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2010.04.02 06:49 cinsere Reddit Personals - r4r - 300,000+ - Activity Partners, Groups, Dating, Hanging Out, Soulmates, FWBs

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2020.09.23 02:18 PMAwkward_Throwaway Aggressive Property Manager

First off, I'd like to start by saying that my fiancee and I got caught with another dog in our rented house, therefore violating the pet portion of our lease. This happened upon move in with my mother in law's dog. Since then, we have agreed with our property manager to add him to the lease, so he can be here in the future, and have submitted paperwork under her direction to do so. Since then, she's gotten very aggressive in her emails, threatening to involve her Broker if we have any more issues with her service, and when we asked her to loop someone in from her company to have oversight (she has sometimes taken up to a month to respond to our emails) she said she was politely declining and would not be CCing anyone else per our request.
I want to make sure that we are being treated fairly, and although we made a mistake we are owning up to it, and don't want further issues as a result, and she already agreed to rectify the situation and add our animal to the lease.
To further aggravate the situation, this is the same PM as our previous home, which was a complete dump when we moved in (had animal waste, dishwasher that had auto parts washed in it, mold etc.) When we moved out, she basically charged us up for everything she could find, even things that were present upon move in. We've been arguing about what is being charged to us, but she took our entire deposit plus $350 to repair this house, and we know from when we moved in this deposit is being used to make repairs to the house that we did not cause, but she is claiming that they have no documentation of it, which we have provided, but she has contested and isn't really giving us any way to further dispute.
My question is, what recourse do we have for reporting her to her own company? Is she able to rescind the offer to add our other dog if she gets upset with us, and does she have grounds to evict us, even after she acknowledged the issue and allowed us to fix it and a good amount of time has passed since she originally brought up the issue? She's definitely making it seem so. Her phrase "if we continue to have issues, I will be happy to get my Broker involved" seems very threatening, especially because my fiancee and I are trying to be as peaceful as process but trying to make sure we aren't being screwed, but she may be within her rights. We have been extremely sure to not be threatening or aggressive in any way, but she responded to me listing dates of contact etc. with this apparent threat. Any advice in any manner would be appreciated. We have a perfect rental history and a landlord who reaches out to us every year to see if we want to move back into one of his properties, so outside of this one issue we have done nothing but maintain and repair everywhere we have lived. I am sure some people will say "you get what you deserve" but honestly, that's not what I'm here for. I get that. I am just trying to get advice to keep us safe as we move forward and try to repair the relationship, but want to make sure we are not being threatened and tread upon just because she thinks she has us backed into a corner.
For reference, we are in Colorado.
submitted by PMAwkward_Throwaway to legaladvice [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 12:53 leapodcasts Analyst Talk Podcast: Paul Arnold - The Hidden Analyst

Analyst Talk Podcast: Paul Arnold - The Hidden Analyst

https://preview.redd.it/4pzsye0zdho51.jpg?width=250&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ed36e1a1706c9069a342ff2663d82e6fa5909b94
Episode 00021
Release Date: September 21, 2020
Description: How can you utilize your crime analysis skills beyond your regular job? In this episode, Paul Arnold shares his unique approach to crime and intelligence analysis coming from academia along with tips and tricks on how to improve and expand on administrative analysis. Paul also shares how he uses his expertise in analysis and research to find his birth father after 40 years, making him the oldest person to get adopted in Colorado. Along with his day job, Paul educates people, mainly crime survivors, on how to clean up their digital footprint, making them virtually impossible to find. Paul Arnold is currently a Crime Analyst with the Thornton Police Department ([[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])). This episode also features a new segment called "Favorite First Job" showcasing our previous guests' favorite first jobs along with Paul and Jason.
Names Dropped: Sally Rawlings, Ken Hasla, Randy Nelson, Rachel Boba-Santos, Yani Rojo, Steve Gottlieb, Angela Backer-Hines, Albert Mesa, Shawn Fisher, Steve French, Christopher Bruce
Public Service Announcements: Kyle Stoker on IACA Elections, Sally Rawlings, Mindy Duong, Metre Lewis
Related Links: www.intantcheckmate.com
LinkedIn: [None / unable to find unsurprisingly]
SEO Keywords: Academia, Crime Analysis, Intelligence Analysis, Internet Safety, Digital Footprint, Adoption, Open Source Research, Victim Advocacy, Administrative Analysis, Manpower Study
Podcast Writer: Mindy Duong
Theme Song: Written and Recorded by The Rough & Tumble. Find more of their music at www.theroughandtumble.com.
Logo: Designed by Kyle McMullen. Please visit www.moderntype.com for any printable business forms and planners.
Podcast Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Podcast Webpage: www.leapodcasts.com
YouTube Version: https://youtu.be/aIZME0eGTgg
0:31:00 – Introducing Paul 0:06:09 – Cold Case – Murder 0:10:24 – Manpower Study 0:24:52 – First Break 0:26:13 – Crime Analysis vs. Intelligence Analysis 0:30:47 – Foundations of Intelligence Analysis Training (FIAT) 0:33:35 – Finding His Father 0:38:47 – The Need to Disappear from the Internet 0:46:27 – Second Break 0:48:44 – Favorite First Jobs 1:01:32 – Personal Interests – Traveling
submitted by leapodcasts to CrimeAnalysis [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 22:54 Euronotus Beta (22L - Gulf of Mexico)


Other discussions

Daily Outlook & Discussion - 22 September

17L - Paulette

20L - Teddy

17E - Lowell

14W - Dolphin

Latest news

Last updated: Tuesday, 22 September 2020 - 11:15 PM CDT (16:15 UTC)

Beta weakens as it moves further onshore over southeastern Texas

A combination of satellite imagery, radar data, and surface observations indicate that Beta has weakened to tropical depression strength as it moves farther inland after making landfall late Monday evening. Animated infrared imagery depicts what little remains of Beta's deep convection weakening over northeastern Texas as moderate southwesterly shear associated with a deepening mid-level trough continues to displace the convection away from the exposed low-level center. Radar imagery depicts widespread rain spreading northward across eastern Texas, eastern Oklahoma, and large portions of Arkansas and Louisiana.
Intensity estimates derived from satellite imagery analysis, radar velocity data, and surface observations indicate that Beta's maximum one-minute sustained winds have fallen to 30 knots (35 miles per hour) since landfall. The mid-level steering ridge to the east has weakened considerably over the past day or so, causing the steering environment over the western Gulf of Mexico to collapse. Beta is moving very slowly toward the northeast as the approaching trough begins to influence its movement.
Latest data NHC Advisory #20 10:00 AM CDT (15:00 UTC)
Current location: 28.9°N 96.7°W 18 miles ENE of Victoria, Texas
  90 miles NNE of Corpus Christi, Texas
  100 miles SW of Houston, Texas
Forward motion: NE (45°) at 2 knots (2 mph)
Maximum winds: 30 knots (55 mph)
Intensity: Tropical Depression
Minimum pressure: 1005 millibars (29.68 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Tuesday, 22 September 2020 - 11:15 PM CDT (16:15 UTC)

Heavy rainfall is expected to continue across the southern United States

Beta is expected to remain within a week steering environment over the next day or so before the deepening trough upstream begins to accelerate Beta toward the northeast this evening. While Beta is expected to remain very close to the coast through Wednesday, it is expected to remain far enough inland that it is not expected to restrengthen to tropical storm strength. Beta is ultimately expected to succumb to increased shear, dry mid-level air, and frictional effects of prolonged land interaction, degenerating into a remnant low as early as Thursday morning as the low-level center passes over northern Louisiana.
Beta's initial slow movement is expected to cause heavy rainfall to linger across the middle and upper Texas coastline through Wednesday, with an additional 5 to 10 inches of rainfall expected with some isolated storm totals reaching 20 inches. Significant flash flooding and urban flooding is already occurring in this region and is expected to continue throughout the day today. As Beta begins to move more quickly northeastward on Wednesday, the threat of heavy rainfall and associated flooding effects are expected to spread to the lower Mississippi Valley on Thursday and the Tennessee Valley on Friday. Rainfall totals ranging from 2 to 5 inches are expected across portions of Louisiana, southeastern Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, northern Georgia, and the Carolinas.

Official forecast

Forecast valid: Tuesday, 22 September 2020 - 10:00 AM CDT (15:00 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds - Lat Long
- - UTC CDT - - knots mph ºN ºW
00 22 Sep 12:00 07:00 Tropical Depression Inland 30 35 28.9 96.7
12 23 Sep 00:00 19:00 Tropical Depression Inland 30 35 29.0 96.3
24 23 Sep 12:00 07:00 Tropical Depression Inland 30 35 29.6 95.1
36 24 Sep 00:00 19:00 Tropical Depression Inland 25 30 30.4 93.7
48 24 Sep 12:00 07:00 Remnant Low Inland 20 25 31.7 92.0
60 25 Sep 00:00 19:00 Remnant Low Inland 20 25 33.1 90.0
72 25 Sep 12:00 07:00 Remnant Low Inland 20 25 34.4 88.3
96 26 Sep 00:00 19:00 Dissipated Inland

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

National Weather Service

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

National Weather Service

Composite reflectivity

Base reflectivity

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Analysis Facility

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 07:52 Disastrous_Horse_44 Ghosted after dating for a year and half...

THIS IS LONG BUT TRULY WEIRD! Part two is funny and I will post soon.
This is baffling to me even right now, happened early July. To give you some background, I met this guy through Bumble and we talked for like a month and a half before we met in person. He was super shy when we met (I am super not, friends describe me as awkwardly charming and chatty) but had the most beautiful smile, there was just something about him that made me want to continue to see him. I don’t think he said more than five things the entire time we were there - a Mexican restaurant for dinner but I was so nervous that I downed two Dos Equis (as did he) and filled up on chips and salsa - I also had learned from experience that it might be really, really awkward (as Bumble/Tindeetc.) app match dates can be, so I had eaten a light dinner ahead of our dinner date ha.
So we finish up and leave and he’s super sweet, wants to walk me to my car because it’s a huge parking lot and pretty dark. I had just gotten a new car (like three days prior) so I was still learning which car to look for, the car is a dark charcoal color, it’s dark outside, I was a little tipsy (I’m a cheap date) and I’m nervous/anxious because I don’t want to look like the total idiot I am starting to look like because guess who can’t find her car? I swear we walked every row around that complex (there were multiple restaurants clustered together, called Legacy for anyone in the DFW area) before I could find my car. For some reason the alarm button on my remote wouldn’t work, so I couldn’t set the car off and just easily find it. We walked that parking lot for at least 20 minutes, I was mortified. I felt so stupid!
On the way back to my apartment, I’m kind of laughing at myself and thinking about what a mess I am, and that I probably wouldn’t hear back from him but not even 20 minutes after our date ended, he texted me! He asked if I wanted to meet at a local sports bar to watch the Stars game (I’m a big hockey fan), to which I excitedly said yes.
Thus begins a cute relationship, he’s super sweet and kind of shy - the type of guy that seems like he’s been burned before by a previous relationship and a bit nervous to open up, no problem I’m patient. We went to the Dominican Republic together, Colorado (twice), Padre (twice), Austin, my family’s ranch, a few other spots that were meaningful. Our first big trip was to the Dominican, here is where I find out that he is a total dick when he drinks whiskey. In my experience, most men are total dicks when they drink whiskey. One or two drinks, cool no problem but more than that, guaranteed there will be a problem over nothing. He would get SO jealous over absolutely NOTHING. If he was drinking whiskey, it would get us in trouble. We went out to a bar with friends and there was a skee ball game, I was playing with a girlfriend while my boyfriend and his buddies were right behind us at the bar. My machine wasn’t really working, it would show a score but not the right one and then just turn off, whatever, I’m playing this game and having a good time right? Let me note it’s SUPER loud in this bar, like you had to yell at the person next to you to have a conversation - typically I hate bars like this but I was having fun and pretty tipsy and down for whatever. The manager walked over and put his hand on my back (not in a weird spot, like my shoulder) and leaned into my ear (because it was so loud) to tell me the skee ball machine I was on wasn’t working and gave me a few drink tickets as reimbursement. Boyfriend must have seen this interaction and gotten a VERY different impression. He walked up to me almost immediately after and said we should go somewhere else and I said okay, as we are walking out he says for me to go ahead with his friends that he’d be right there - he picked a fight with the manager of this very popular bar that we liked to go to all because of nothing.
I tell you this to give you some context of how exhausting the jealousy thing got. Another time, he came home from work and I was at his house (I work from home) and I had showered earlier and dried my hair and whatnot, I have really thick hair so I usually turn the shower head to the high pressure water setting to get conditioner out of my hair. Instead, boyfriend thinks this means I have had someone over to take a shower with? Because I had also done the laundry, like washed the sheets because guys never do that and it’s gross. So dumb.
Fast forward to May 2020. He goes on this annual bear hunt in Idaho with his best friend, basically they sit in below freezing temperatures eating survival packets of food waiting for a black bear that never comes. They went in 2019 for like 5 days I think? And boyfriend drove to a spot to get service every single night so he could call me and tell me they were okay and to tell me goodnight - his best friend he was hunting with didn’t even do this to check in with his wife! So I felt really blessed and thought I was really lucky to have found someone so thoughtful, yeah the jealousy thing was annoying but in time we could get past it, right? Wrong.
So this year at the bear hunt he told me he just didn’t have service and talked to me maybe three times total during their 10 day trip. They spent maybe 5 days total hunting and the rest of the trip getting wasted in local dive bars. Boyfriend is an Instagram addict and I can see he keeps logging in, it shows on the message part of Instagram when the person you messaged with was last “active.” So I call him out on it and ask what’s the deal, he says he just hasn’t had service but needs some space - again, I know he’s lying about having service but he asks for space and he’s on a guy trip so okay, I’ll respect that (but it’s just SO different from how he was last year on the same trip!). When he gets back, things are totally fine, he’s himself and sweet and we are good. Then Covid hit and he lost his job - a job frankly he hated and bitched about 24/7 so I thought it was a blessing in disguise. He was super committed to finishing the neighborhood he was working on and then was going to look for a new job, but now I figured he could find something else that he actually enjoyed and sooner! Hallelujah I don’t have to listen to him bitch about this job anymore, I was always supportive and listened but it was starting to wear on me.
Then it’s July. Boyfriends twin brother is getting married in another state. I have epilepsy and in the state of Texas, if you have a seizure you can’t drive for three months after. So my boyfriend had to do all of the driving, which was already pretty normal because 1. I’m a horrible driver and 2. He prefers to drive anyway - we go to the wedding in the other state, everything is great and we come back a couple days later. I don’t have my car so I need boyfriend to take me back to my place. But each time he was supposed to take me, something popped up or there was something going on, this went on for like a week. So we’d been together for nearly 18 days in a row at this point without a break, which was a lot for us. He also had a roommate and his best friend (the bear hunting married friend, who ended up divorced) was partially living at the house too. So I get it, it was a lot of people under one small, very old roof. I could have ubered home, but it was going to be like $100 and money it really tight right now for me. My friends were all working and I was sort of stuck.
My cousin was getting married sometime in the beginning of July (can’t remember the date) but it was like a week or so after we returned from Colorado. We for some reason are asked to go to the rehearsal dinner, we aren’t in the wedding but hey, sounds fun we will be there. Well the only thing to drink was Bud Light or the house made Margaritas (Joe T Garcia’s) because we were in like a entertaining location, not the actual restaurant. I hate Bud Light, Margs give me heartburn but fuck it I want to have fun. I think I had three of these margaritas (if you haven’t had Joe T’s, these are superrrr strong margaritas, not for the weak, like me) so I’m teetering on drunk when we leave, I’m feeling awesome-sauce! I will admit that liquor historically has allllways made me a bit feisty, especially if I’m with a boyfriend. All was well until like a block before we got to his house, he said something super racist and I can’t even remember what he said but I bit his head off over it. We are 28 years old, grow up. So now when we get to the house I’m still pissed off - I shower and go sleep in the guest room after crying for like 45 minutes (I know that was a dramatic overreaction on my part, I was drunk and I don’t drink often, still was stupid of me). The next day we both apologize to each other but boyfriend is trying to back out of going to the wedding altogether. Wtf no. He was at the dinner the night before, I asked if I could bring him because there wasn’t a “plus one” on the invitation, so it would have been really inconsiderate for him to be a no show. After going back and forth allllll day, we go to the wedding. He doesn’t even want to stay for the first dance, which I really wanted to, I love dancing at weddings, especially family weddings because I am a terrible dancer and it’s family so I don’t care! But no. We leave because “my best friend is at the house and my roommate is home and they are having so much fun and I want to be there too wah wah wah” so we leave the wedding and drive the hour back to his house. Next morning he was supposed to drive me home - instead popped up at like 9 am, zipped out the door with the guys to get breakfast and to go play golf. He doesn’t get home until like 6 pm...and he is wasted. I’m annoyed but whatever, I figure he can just take me home tomorrow, but no he wants to take me home right now - which I live 45 minutes-ish away, he’s drunk so no way am I letting him drive all that way. His friends are even telling him it’s not a big deal. Instead, he throws a temper tantrum. So I call my Dad last resort) to come get me. My boyfriend is fuming because I won’t let him drive me, I won’t let him pay for an Uber (he had already spent so much on all those trips and now he didn’t have a job) and now my Dad was on the way to pick me up. So he gets his dog, his best friend and they just get in his truck and are about to leave without saying a word to me. I walk outside and he’s about to back out of the drive way, I hold up my hands like “what the fuck are you doing??” And he came inside while the dog and the friend waited in the truck and just stared at the ground, I have never seen so much anger in someone’s eyes. And that was the last time we spoke!
He literally didn’t respond to any texts, any calls, any messages on social, NOTHING. He finally texted me and said I could get my stuff and move out on this date or this date and that was it!!!
What kind of person does this?? I was nothing but good to him. Did his laundry, cleaned his house, made dinner for him and all his buddies, I went hunting for the first time with him, tried golfing, I feel like I did everything I could have done to make him happy but clearly I didn’t. He told me that he loved me, I believed him at the time but now I feel like it was all bullshit. If you love someone, how can you totally ignore them for months? Their calls and texts telling you how much they love you and miss you and don’t know what is happening but want to fix it?
Part two I will post soon. I let my crazy show a little bit. I still didn’t get any answers but I did get some sweet satisfaction.
submitted by Disastrous_Horse_44 to BreakUps [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 19:27 stake_pool Update and Few Thoughts, a (Well-Typed) transcript: Liza&Charles the marketeers, Voltaire kick-off, PrisM and Ebb-and-Flow to fuck ETH2.0 Gasper, the (back)log of a man and a falcon, lots of companies, September Goguen time, Basho, 2021 Titans, Basho, Hydra and much more thoughts and prayers

Hi everybody this is Charles Hoskinson broadcasting live from warm sunny Colorado. I'm trying a new streaming service and it allows me to annotate a few things and simulcast to both periscope and youtube. Let's see how this works. I also get to put a little caption. I think for the future, I'm just for a while going to put: "I will never give away ada". So, when people repost my videos for giveaway scams they at least have that. First off, a thank you, a community member named Daryl had decided to carve a log and give his artistic impression of my twitter profile picture of me and the falcon so that always means a lot when I get these gifts from fans and also I just wanted to, on the back of the Catalyst presentation, express my profound gratitude and excitement to the community.
You know it's really really cool to see how much progress has been made in such a short period of time. It was only yesterday when we were saying "when Shelley"? Now Shelley's out and it's evolving rapidly. Voltaire is now starting to evolve rapidly and we're real close to Goguen. At the end of this month we'll be able to talk around some of the realities of Goguen and some of the ideas we have and give some dates for certain things and give you a sense of where that project is at. The good news is that we have gained an enormous amount of progress and knowledge about what we need to do and how to get that done and basically people are just executing and it's a much smaller task than getting us to Shelley. With Byron to Shelley we literally had to build a completely new cryptocurrency from the ground up. We had to have new ledger rules, new update system, we had to invent a way of transitioning from one system to another system and there's hundreds of other little innovations along the way: new network stack and so forth. Byron cosmetically looks like Shelley but under the hood it's completely different and the Shelley design was built with a lot of the things that we needed for Goguen in mind. For example, we built Shelley with the idea of extended UTXO and we built Shelley understanding what the realities were for the smart contract model and that's one of the advantages you get when you do this type of bespoke engineering. There's two consequences to that, one, the integration is significantly easier, and two, the integration is significantly faster. We won't look at that same complexity there.
The product update at the end of the month... We'll really start discussing around some of these things as well as talk about partners and talk about how the development ecosystem is going to evolve. There are a lot of threads throughout all three organizations that are happening simultaneously. Emurgo, they're really thinking deeply about DeFi and they've invited us to collaborate with them on things like stablecoins for example but we're also looking at oracles (oracle pools), DEX and these other things and because there are already people in market who have made mistakes, learned lessons, it gives us the benefit of hindsight. It means we can be much faster to market and we can build much more competitive things in market and the Cardano community gets first access to these next generation DeFi applications without a lot of the problems of the prior generations and that's super beneficial to us.
You know, the other side of it, is that Voltaire is going to have a systemic influence not just on community funding but also the overall evolution and direction of the platform. The longer it exists the more pervasive it will become. Probably first applied towards the Cardano foundation roadmap but later on it will definitely have a lot of influence and say over every element aspect of the system including the launch dApps and these other things. Basically, long term, the types of problems that Cardano solves so that's incredibly appealing to me and very exciting to me because it's like I have this giant community brain with the best and brightest of all of you working with us to get us where we need to go.
You know, another thing that was super encouraging, it's a small thing, but it shows us that we're definitely in the right direction was that we recently got a demo from Pramod (Viswanath) and his team out of university of Illinois on a protocol they create called PrisM which is a super fast proof-of-work protocol and they wrote this beautiful paper and they wrote code along with it that showed that PrisM is a ten thousand times faster than Nakamoto consensus. If you take the bitcoin proof-of-work protocol, you strip it out, you put PrisM in, you can run the entire bitcoin system 10000 times faster. They have these beautiful benchmarks to show that. Even in bad network conditions. (I'm) promoting this team, they're, they're real researchers, and they're real engineers, they use a lot of cool HPC concepts like springboarding and other things like that to accommodate that. Then I asked him in the presentation, I said well, how much faster if you replay the Ethereum chain? He says, well, that it takes a big performance hit, could be only maybe a hundred times because that model is not as easy to optimize and shard with standard computer science concepts. In fact in some cases there are limitations there that really can't be overcome. It turns out that we're more on that UTXO side than we are on the account side. As a coincidence or intent of the design of extended UTXO we're gonna have a lot easier time getting much higher performance where and when it's necessary.
I also approved this week a scaling up of the Basho project. In particular, to build a hydra prototype team. The science has gotten to a point where we can make a really competitive push in that particular direction. What does that mean? It means that in just a few short months we can de-risk technological approaches that long-term will give us a lot of fruit where and when the community decides that they need infrastructure like hydra. Now, here's the beautiful thing about hydra. If you watch my whiteboard back in September of 2017 when Cardano first hit market with Byron I talked about this concept of looking at scalability with a very simple test which is as you get more people in the system it stays at the same performance or it gets faster. We all experience systems that do this, for example, bittorrent, more people downloading something you tend to be able to get it faster and we all experience the converse which is, the system gets slower when you get more people. What does this mean? It means that hydra is an actual approach towards true scalability in the system and it's a lot easier to do than sharding even though we have a beautiful approach to get the sharding on the ledger side if we truly desire to go down that way. There's beautiful ideas that we are definitely in deep discussions about. That's a very complex thing. There was recently a paper ("Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma") out of Stanford that showed that the Gasper protocol as proposed for ETH2.0 does have some security concerns and it's going to be the burden on the shoulders of the Ethereum 2.0 developers and Vitalik to address those concerns from those Stanford professors. Whenever you have these very complex protocols they have so many different ways they can break and things can go wrong so it's much more appealing when you don't have to embrace complexity to achieve the same. The elegance of hydra is that stake pool operators are very natural parties to put hydra channels on and every time we add one we get much more performance out of that and the system as it gets more valuable. The k factor increases which means you get more stake pull operators, which means you get more hydra channels, so with growth we get appreciation, with appreciation we get more decentralization, with more decentralization we get more performance. In essence, this spiritually speaking, is really what we meant when we said scalability. That the system will always grow to meet its particular needs and we have a very elegant way of moving in that direction that doesn't require us to embrace very sophisticated techniques. It's not to say that these techniques don't have a place and purpose but it says that the urgency of implementing these is gone and we then have the luxury to pick the best science when it's ready instead of rushing it to market to resolve a crisis of high fees. We'll never have that crisis so there's a beauty to Cardano that is missing, I in my view, from many cryptocurrencies and blockchains in the marketplace and we're now seeing that beauty shine through. Not only through our community who are so passionate and amazing but in the science and the engineering itself and how easy it is for us to navigate the concepts. How easy it is for us to add more things, to take some things away, to clean some things up here and there and our ability to move through.
I never imagined when in 2015 I signed up to go in on this crazy ride and try to build a world financial operating system we would have made as much progress as we made today. We've written more than 75 research papers as an organization many of which are directly applicable to Cardano. We've got great partners who work with Nasa and Boeing and Pfizer, massive companies, that have 10 years of history and millions of users to come in and help us grow better. We've worked with incredible organizations, major universities like university of Wyoming, university of Edinburgh, Tokyo, tech professors all across the world. We've worked with incredible engineering firms like VacuumLabs and AtixLabs and Twig and Well-Typed, runtime verification, QuviQ and dozens of others along the years and despite the fact that at times there's been delays and friction throughout this entire journey we've mostly been aligned and we keep learning and growing. It gives me so much hope that our best days are ahead of us and an almost fanatical belief that success is inevitable in a certain respect. You see because we always find a way to be here tomorrow and we always find a way to make tomorrow a better day than today and as long as that's the trend you're monotonically increasing towards a better tomorrow, you're always going to have that outcome, you're always going to be in a position where Cardano shines bright. Towards the end of the month we'll have a lot more to say about the development side and that'll be a beginning just like Voltaire is the beginning and then suddenly you now notice the beautiful parallelism of the roadmap. Shelley continues to evolve, partial delegation is coming, in fact, I signed the contract with vacuumlabs to bring that to Ledger (and Trezor). The Daedalus team is hard at work to make that feature apparent for everyone as is the Yoroi team.
You see that, with now Voltaire, and soon was Goguen, and these are not endpoints, rather they're just beginnings and they're never over. We can always make staking better, more diverse, more merit-based and entertain different control models, have better delegation mechanics, have better user experience. The same for smart contracts, that's an endless river and along the way what we've discovered is it's easy for us to work with great minds and great people. For example with testing of smart contracts I would love to diversify that conversation above and beyond what we can come up with and bring in some firms who have done this for a long time to basically take that part with us shoulder to shoulder and build beautiful frameworks to assist us. For example, runtime verification is doing this with, the EVM with a beautiful project called Firefly to replace Truffle. I believe that we can achieve similar ends with Plutus smart contracts.
When you ask yourself what makes a system competitive in the cryptocurrency space? In my view there are four dimensions and you have to have a good story for all four of those dimensions. You need security and correctness. A lot of people don't prioritize that but when they get that wrong it hurts retail people, it hurts everyday people, billions of dollars have been lost due to the incompetence and ineptitude of junior developers making very bad mistakes and oftentimes those developers faced no consequences. The people who lost money were innocent people who believed in cryptocurrencies and wanted to be part of the movement but didn't protect themselves adequately. That's a really sad thing and it's unethical to continue pushing a model that that is the standard or the likely outcome rather than a rare edge case. You have to as a platform, a third generation platformn invest heavily in giving the developers proper tools to ensure security and correctness. We've seen a whole industry there's been great innovations out of Quantstamp and ConsenSys and dozens of other firms in the space including runtime verification who have really made major leaps in the last few years of trying to improve that story. What's unique to Cardano is that we based our foundations on languages that were designed right the first time and there's over 35 years of history for the approach that we're following in the Haskell side that allows us to build high assurance systems and our developers in the ecosystem to build high assurance systems. We didn't reinvent the wheel, we found the best wheel and we're giving it to you.
I think we're going to be dominant in that respect as we enter 2021. Second, you look at things like ease of maintenance, ease of deployment, the life cycle of the software upgrades to the software and as we've demonstrated with things like the hard fork combinator and the fact that Voltaire is not just a governance layer for ada and Cardano but will eventually be reusable for any dApp deployed on our system. You have very natural tooling that's going to allow people to upgrade their smart contracts, their dApps and enable governance for their users at an incredibly low cost and not have to reinvent the governance wheel each and every application. This is another unique property to our system and it can be reused for the dApps that you deploy on your system as I've mentioned before. Performance is a significant concern and this was often corrupted by marketers especially ICO marketers who really wanted to differentiate (and) say: "our protocol tested on a single server in someone's basement is 500000 transactions per second" and somehow that translates to real life performance and that's antithetical to anyone who's ever to study distributed systems and understands the reality of these systems and where they go and what they do and in terms of performance. I think we have the most logical approach. You know, we have 10 years of history with bitcoin, it's a massive system, we've learned a huge amount and there's a lot of papers written about, a lot of practical projects and bitcoin is about to step into the world of smart contracts. We congratulate them on getting Schnorr sigs in and the success of Taproot. That means entering 2021, 2022, we are going to start seeing legitimate dApps DeFi projects, real applications, instead of choosing Ethereum or Algorand, EOS, Cardano, choosing bitcoin and they're adding a lot to that conversation. I think that ultimately that model has a lot of promise which is why we built a better one. There are still significant limitations with what bitcoin can accomplish from settlement time to the verbosity of contracts that can be written.
The extended UTXO model was designed to be the fastest accounting and most charitable accounting model ever, on and off chain, and hydra was designed to allow you to flex between those two systems seamlessly. When you look at the foundations of where we're at and how we can extend this from domain specific languages, for domain experts, such as Marlowe to financial experts, and the DSLs that will come later, for others, like lawyers and supply chain experts in medical databases and so forth and how easy it is to write and deploy these. Plutus being beautiful glue code for both on and off chain communications. I think we have an incredibly competitive offering for performance and when hydra comes, simply put, there'll be no one faster. If we need to shard, we're going to do that and definitely better than anybody else because we know where our security model sits and there won't be surprise Stanford papers to blindside us that require immediate addressing.
In terms of operating costs, this is the last component, in my view, and that's basically how much does it cost you the developer to run your application? There are really two dimensions, one is predictability and the other is amount. It's not just good enough to say: it's a penny per transaction today. You need to know that after you spend millions of dollars and months or years of effort building something and deploying something that you're not going to wake up tomorrow and now it's five dollars to do what used to cost a penny. You need that cost to be as low as possible and as predictable as possible and again the way that we architectured our system and as we turn things on towards the end of this year and as we enter into the next year we believe we have a great approach to achieve low operating cost. One person asks why Cardano? Well because we have great security and correctness in the development experience and tools with 35 years of legacy that were built right the first time and don't put the burdens of mistakes on your customers. They ask why Cardano and we say: well the chain itself is going to give you great solutions with identity value transformation and governance itself and as a consequence when you talk about upgrading your applications having a relationship with your customers of your applications and you talk about the ease of maintenance of those applications. There's going to be a good story there and we have beautiful frameworks like Voltaire that allow that story to evolve and we keep adding partners and who have decades of experience to get us along. We won't stop until it's much better. They asked why Cardano? We said because at the moment we're 10 times faster today than Ethereum today and that's all we really need for this year and next year to be honest and in the future we can be as fast as we need to be because we're truly scalable. As the system gets more decentralized the system improves performance and where and when we need to shard we can do that. We'll have the luxury of time to do it right, the Cardano way, and when people ask why Cardano? Because the reality is, it's very cheap to do things on our platform and the way we're building things. That's going to continue being the case and we have the governance mechanisms to allow the community to readjust fees and parameters so that it can continue being affordable for users. Everything in the system will eventually be customizable and parameterizable: from block size, to transaction fees and the community will be in a good position to dynamically allocate these things where and when needed so that we can enjoy as an ecosystem predictability in our cost.
In the coming weeks and months, especially in my company, we're going to invest a lot of time and effort into comparison marketing and product marketing. When I see people say, oh well, you've launched proof of stake, a lot of other people have done. I don't think those people fully appreciate the magnitude of what we actually accomplished as an ecosystem and the quality of the protocols that are in distribution. That's not their fault, it's our fault, because we didn't take the time in simplistic terms, not scientific papers and deep code and formal specifications, but rather everyday language, to really show why we're different. I admit that that's a product failing and that needs to be corrected so we hired a great marketing director, named Liza (Horowitz?) and she is going to work full time with me and others in the ecosystem, a great team of people, every single day to get out there and explain what we have done is novel, unique, competitive and special to our industry. Everything from Ouroboros and contrast to major other protocols from the EOSes and Algorands and the Tezos of the world. Why we're different, trade-offs we chose over them, to our network stack, to the extended UTXO model, to Plutus, to Marlowe and we're going to keep hammering away at that until we get it right and everybody acknowledges and sees what has been accomplished.
I've spent five years of my life, good years of my life, and missed a lot to get this project where it needs to go. All of our employees have invested huge sums of their personal lives, their time, their brand, their careers, in trying to make this the really most magical and special cryptocurrency and blockchain infrastructure around. No one ever signed up in this company or the other companies working on Cardano to work on a mediocre protocol. That's just another blockchain, they signed up to change the world, they signed up to build a system that legitimately can look at you in the face and say: one day we have the potential to have a billion users! That's what they signed up for and they showed up to play. They built technology that evolves in that direction with some certainty and great foundations and we have an obligation to market in a way that can show the world why, succinctly, with clarity. Understandably, this has been a failing in the past but you know what? You can always be better tomorrow that monotonically increasing make it better and that's what we're going to do. We recognized it and we're going to invest in it and with Voltaire if we can't do it. You the community can do it and we'll work with you. If you can do a better job and the funding will be there to get that done. In addition to this, we think about 2021 and we ask where does the future take us? I've thought a lot about this you know I've thought a lot about how do we get the next five years as we close out 2020 and here's the reality: we're not going to leave as a company until we have smart contracts and multi-asset and Voltaire has evolved to a point where the community can comfortably make decisions about the future of the protocol and that the staking experience has solidified and it's stable.
I don't care if this costs me millions or tens of millions of dollars out of my own pocket to make happen. I'm going to do that because that's my commitment to you, the community and every product update will keep pushing our way there. We'll continue to get more transparent, we'll continue to get more aggressive and hire more and parallelize more. Aware when we can, to deliver that experience so that Cardano gets where it needs to go. Then when we ask about where do we go next? The reality is that the science as an industry, the engineering as an industry has given a menu of incredibly unique attractive and sexy things that we can pursue. What we're going to do is work with the community and the very same tools that are turning on today, the Voltaire tools, the cardano.ideascale.com tools and we're going to propose a consortium and we're going to bring the best and brightest together and give a vision of where we can take the system in another five years. With the benefit of hindsight, massively improved processes, better estimation capabilities and the fact that we're not starting with two people at IOG. We're starting with 250 people and the best scientific division in our industry and the legacy of almost, nearly by the end of this year, 100 scientific papers. That's us, you know what, there's dozens of companies throughout the history who have worked on Cardano. It's about time to scale them up too and get client diversity. So come next year when the protocol has evolved to the point where it's ready for it, we'll have that conversation with you the community and that's going to be a beautiful conversation. At the conclusion of it, there's going to be certainty of how we're going to evolve over the next five years to get ourselves beyond the cryptocurrency space. I'm very tired of these conversations we have about: are you going to go to (coindesk's) consensus or not? Or who's going to be the big winner? What about Libra or what about this particular regulation and this crypto unicorn and this thing?
You know I've been in the space a long time and I've noticed that people keep saying the same things year after year in the same venues. Yes, the crowd sizes get larger and the amount of value at risk gets larger but I haven't seen a lot of progress in the places where I feel it is absolutely necessary for this technology to be permanent in the developing world. We need to see economic identity. People often ask what is the mission for Cardano? For us IOG, you look at economic identity and you take a look at a roadmap. For it, you scale up and down, and each and every step along the way, from open data, to self-sovereign identity, to financial inclusion. You can keep going down: to decentralized lending, decentralized insurance, decentralized banking. Each and every step along the way to economic identity. When you admit a blockchain tells you that, there's a collection of applications and infrastructure that you need to build.
My life's work is to get to a point where we have the technology to do that. The infrastructure to do that, with principles, and so we'll keep evolving Cardano and we'll keep evolving the space as a whole and the science as a whole until I can wake up and say: each box and that road to economic identity, for all people not just one group, we have a solution for that. I'm going to put those applications on Cardano and success for me is not about us being king of the crypto hill and having a higher market cap than bitcoin or being entrepreneur of the year coindesk's most influential person. It's meaningless noise, success for me is reflecting back at the things that we have accomplished together and recognizing that millions if not billions now live in a system where they all matter, they all have a voice, they all have an equal footing. The Jeff Bezos of the world have the very same experience as the person born in Rwanda and we're not done until that's the case. It's a long road, it's a hard road, but you know what? We're making progress, we have great people in Africa, we have great people in eastern Europe, we have great people in southeast Asia and great partners all along the way. Great people, Latin America, great people in south America, great people here in the United States.
When we talk about economic identity there are millions, if not tens of millions of Americans who don't have it. Same for Canadians, hundreds of thousands, who don't have it. Developed western cultures, it's the greatest blind spot of policy and as we enter into a depression as a result of coronavirus, add millions if not tens of millions more onto that list. Generations are being disenfranchised by this legacy system and we as an ecosystem, we as an entire community are offering a different way forward. Not hyper centralizationn not social credit but a way forward where you own your own money, your own identity, your own data. You're not a victim of surveillance capitalism, you're not a victim of civil asset forfeiture. When you say the wrong things, you get shut out of society. Each and every human being matters and I'm optimistic to believe that when you remind people that they matter they're gonna rise to the occasion. That is the point of my company. In the things that we do each and every day, that's our mission to give the platforms to the world so that those who don't have economic identity can get it and they can keep it and no one can take it from them and they can enjoy an ever increasing growth of standard of living wealth and prosperity.
However you want to measure that this is my goal post, I couldn't care less about the cryptocurrency space. It was a great place to start but the space needs to be reminded why it exists. Bitcoin was given a mandate on the back of the 2008 financial crisis to do something different. It was not given a mandate to go be a new settlement layer for central banks or a new way for the old guard to make more money and banks get bigger and for those who are in control to preserve their power. The whole point of doing something so crazy as to buy a coin that doesn't even exist in real life, that's just a bunch of numbers in the cloud, the whole point of that was so that we as a society could do something different than the way that we'd been doing things before. So, each and every member of the cryptocurrency space needs to remind everyone else from time to time why we're here and where did we come from and where are we going to go.
The beauty of Cardano is we have already achieved for the most part a decentralized brain and that momentum is pushing harder than ever. More and more scientists are waking up, more and more institutions are waking up, getting us there. The code we have, the right approach and I think we have a great competitive offering for 2021 as we go and battle the titans and that's going to be a lot of fun but we know who we are and where we're going and we're in the right places. It's so incredibly encouraging to see the stake pool operators not just be from California or Texas or New York or Canada. To see a lot of stake pool operators from the place that need the most, help everybody does matter and it means a lot to me for the people who are there but it means a lot to everybody to say that we have created an equal platform. It makes the participation of all of us so much more meaningful. We're not just talking to each other, we're talking to the world and by working together on this platform we're lifting the world up and giving people hope. That's the point, there's a lot more to do, we didn't get everything done. You never do you aspire, you work hard, you set a moon, shot and sometimes you can just get to orbit with the first go but you know what? When you build the next rocket you can go to Mars.
Thank you all for being with me, thank you all for being part of this. Today was a damn good day with the announcement of Voltaire. Go to cardano.ideascale.com. You can participate in that, so end of September is going to be a good day too. There's a lot of good days to come, in between a lot of hard days, doing tasks sometimes entirely forgettable but always necessary to keep the revolution going and the movement going. I cannot wait for 2021, our best days are ahead of us, because of you. You all take care now .
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFa9zL_Dl_w
Other things mentioned:
https://cardano.ideascale.com/
https://www.atixlabs.com/blockchain
https://www.well-typed.com/
https://www.vacuumlabs.com/
https://medium.com/interdax/what-is-taproot-and-how-will-it-benefit-bitcoin-5c8944eed8da
https://medium.com/interdax/how-will-schnorr-signatures-benefit-bitcoin-b4482cf85d40
https://quantstamp.com/
https://bloxian.com/bloxian-platforms/ (TWIG)
https://runtimeverification.com/firefly/
https://www.trufflesuite.com/
https://experts.illinois.edu/en/publications/prism-deconstructing-the-blockchain-to-approach-physical-limits (PrisM and not our Prism https://atalaprism.io/)
Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma (aka Gasper and ETH2.0 fucker) https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04987
http://www.quviq.com/products/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schnorr_signature
submitted by stake_pool to cardano [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotections Close Protection London Close Protection Services London

Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them.

VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA.

Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist.

Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries.

One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA.

Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world.

The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School.

ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS.

At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications.

Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists?

Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for.

Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected.

Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there.

Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated:

Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation.

Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation.

Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy.

Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then.

Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors).

Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw.

Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target.

Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination.

If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
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2020.09.15 22:53 _mr0 test

Alabama Oct. 19th https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/voteregister-to-vote Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://www.sos.alabama.gov/alabama-votes/absentee-ballot-applications County Absentee Election Manager's Office Received Nov. 2nd https://myinfo.alabamavotes.gov/VoterView/AbsenteeBallotSearch.do For absentee ballots, check "I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls". All voters may request absentee for this year only.
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Arkansas Oct. 5th https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/elections/voter-information/voter-registration-information Oct 19th - Nov 2nd County clerk's office; see website for other locations https://www.sos.arkansas.gov/uploads/elections/Absentee_Ballot_Application_1.pdf County Clerk's office Received Nov. 2nd https://www.voterview.ar-nova.org/voterview
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Kansas Oct. 13th https://www.kdor.ks.gov/apps/voterreg/default.aspx Oct 14th - Nov 2nd See County elections officer's website https://www.sos.ks.gov/forms/elections/AV1.pdf County elections officer's office, or a dropbox (see site for locations) Postmarked Nov. 3rd and received Nov. 6th https://myvoteinfo.voteks.org/voterview/
Kentucky Oct. 5th https://elect.ky.gov/registertovote/Pages/default.aspx Oct 13th - Nov 2nd See County Clerk's website https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/abrweb/ County Clerk's office - website may have dropbox locations Received Nov 3rd https://vrsws.sos.ky.gov/ovrweb/govoteky All voters will be allowed to vote by mail in KY this year.
Louisiana Oct. 5th / Oct. 14th online https://www.sos.la.gov/ElectionsAndVoting/RegisterToVote/Pages/default.aspx Oct 20th - Oct 27th (Excluding the 25th) https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/earlyvoting https://www.sos.la.gov/OurOffice/PublishedDocuments/COVID-19%20VR2%20Absentee%20by%20Mail%20Application%20(Rev.%204-20)%20Ver.%201.pdf%20Ver.%201.pdf) Parish Registrar of voters' office Received Nov. 2nd https://voterportal.sos.la.gov/ Must be high-risk for COVID-related illness, under quarantine, experiencing symptoms, or caring for someone high-risk to qualify for a COVID-based absentee ballot
Maine Oct. 13th online, up to Nov. 3rd in person https://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/voter-info/voterguide.html Oct 5th - Oct 29th Town office or City Hall https://www.maine.gov/cgi-bin/online/AbsenteeBallot/index.pl Clerk's office Received Nov 3rd https://www.maine.gov/cgi-bin/online/AbsenteeBallot/ballot-status.pl
Maryland Oct. 13th, Same day Reg https://elections.maryland.gov/voter_registration/index.html Oct 26th - Nov 2nd https://elections.maryland.gov/voting/early_voting.html https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/OnlineVoterRegistration/InstructionsStep1 Any early voting or Election Day voting center, polling place, drop box, or your Local Board of Elections. See their website for locations Postmarked Nov 3rd https://voterservices.elections.maryland.gov/VoterSearch
Massachusetts Oct. 24th https://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleifv/howreg.htm Oct 23rd - Oct 30th https://www.sec.state.ma.us/earlyvotingweb/earlyvotingsearch.aspx http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/eleev/early-voting-by-mail.htm Local Election Office or dropbox Postmarked Nov 3rd https://www.sec.state.ma.us/wheredoivotema/track/trackmyballot.aspx
Michigan Oct. 19th online, up to Nov. 3rd in person at City Hall https://www.michigan.gov/sos/0,1607,7-127-1633_8716_8726_47669-175878--,00.html Sept 19th - Nov 2nd Clerk's office https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/avapplication Clerk's office or dropbox Received Nov. 3rd https://mvic.sos.state.mi.us/VoteIndex Dropbox locations - may change
Minnesota Oct. 13th, same day Reg during early and Election Day voting http://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/register-to-vote/ Sept 18th - Nov 2nd County elections office; possibly other locations - see website https://www.sos.state.mn.us/elections-voting/other-ways-to-vote/vote-early-by-mail/ County elections office (may include dropbox locations) Postmarked Nov. 3rd https://mnvotes.sos.state.mn.us/AbsenteeBallotStatus.aspx
Mississippi Oct. 5th https://www.sos.ms.gov/Vote/Pages/default.aspx Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://www.ms.gov/sos/voter_registration/documents/voter_registration_application.pdf Clerk's office Received Oct. 31st in person, Nov. 2nd by mail https://www.msegov.com/sos/voter_registration/AmIRegistered MS has no special provisions to allow absentee voting during COVID.
Missouri Oct. 7th https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/register.aspx Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/goVoteMissouri/howtovote#Mail Local Elections Authority (ABSENTEE BALLOTS ONLY - Mail ballots must be sent through the mail) Received Nov. 3rd https://s1.sos.mo.gov/elections/voterlookup/ Most mail-in and absentee ballots in MO must be notarized - can be done free at these locations
Montana Oct. 26th, or up to Nov. 3rd atdesignated locations https://sosmt.gov/elections/vote/ Oct 4th - Nov 1st Elections Administrator's office Same Elections Administrator Received Nov. 2nd at noon https://app.mt.gov/voterinfo/
Nebraska Oct. 16th https://www.nebraska.gov/apps-sos-voter-registration/ Oct 4th - Nov 2nd County Elections Office https://sos.nebraska.gov/elections/voter-forms County Elections Official Received Nov. 3rd https://www.votercheck.necvr.ne.gov/voterview
Nevada Oct. 29th online, or same day at polls https://www.nvsos.gov/sosvoterservices/Registration/Step0.aspx Oct 17th - Oct 30th See County Clerk's site https://www.nvsos.gov/sos/elections/voters/absentee-voting (All-mail in 2020) Drop-off location (locations are on County Clerk's site), or Clerk's office Postmarked Nov 3rd and received Nov 10th https://www.nvsos.gov/votersearch/ Nevada just passed a law to mail a ballot to all voters, but this may be challenged in court.
New Hampshire Nov. 3rd https://sos.nh.gov/HowRegVote.aspx Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://sos.nh.gov/media/rs0ly4xu/absentee-ballot-app-8-20-covid.pdf Clerk's office Received Nov 3rd https://app.sos.nh.gov/Public/AbsenteeBallot.aspx
New Jersey October 13th https://www.state.nj.us/state/elections/voter-registration.shtml Doesn't have early In Person n/a Same - check box on registration form County Board of Elections Postmarked Nov. 3rd and received November 10th (exec. order) https://voter.svrs.nj.gov/auth/sign-in
New Mexico Oct. 6th https://www.sos.state.nm.us/voting-and-elections/voter-information-portal/voter-registration-information/ Oct 17th - Oct 31st See County Clerk's site https://www.sos.state.nm.us/voting-and-elections/voting-faqs/absentee-voting-by-mail/ County Clerk's office or Voter Convenience Center (see clerk's website for locations Received Nov. 3rd https://voterportal.servis.sos.state.nm.us/WhereToVote.aspx?tab=AbsenteeTracker If the absentee ballot tracker doesn't work, check with your County Clerk
New York Oct. 9th https://dmv.ny.gov/more-info/electronic-voter-registration-application Oct 24th - Nov 1st https://www.voteearlyny.org/ https://www.elections.ny.gov/votingabsentee.html County Board of Elections, or any early voting or Election Day polling place Postmarked Nov. 3rd and received Nov. 10th https://voterlookup.elections.ny.gov/
North Carolina Oct. 9th (or during early voting) https://www.ncsbe.gov/Voters/Registering-to-Vote Oct 15th - Oct 31st https://vt.ncsbe.gov/OSSite https://www.ncsbe.gov/Voting-Options/Absentee-Voting County Board of Elections or any early voting site (during early voting) Postmarked Nov 3rd, received Nov 6th Upcoming (by Sep 1) Online absentee ballot request and tracking portals upcoming (Sep 1)
North Dakota No voter registration n/a Oct 19th - Nov 2nd https://vip.sos.nd.gov/PortalListDetails.aspx?ptlhPKID=50&ptlPKID=7#content-start https://vip.sos.nd.gov/PortalListDetails.aspx?ptlhPKID=53&ptlPKID=7 County Auditor's office Received Nov. 2nd https://vip.sos.nd.gov/AbsenteeTracker.aspx
Ohio Oct. 5th https://olvr.ohiosos.gov/ Oct 6th - Nov 1st County Board of Elections (except Lucas and Summit counties - see site for info https://www.ohiosos.gov/publications/#abr Local Board of Elections Postmarked Nov. 2nd and received Nov. 13th https://www.sos.state.oh.us/elections/voters/toolkit/ballot-tracking/
Oklahoma Oct. 9th https://www.ok.gov/elections/Voter_Info/Register_to_Vote/index.html Oct 29th - Oct 30th. County Election Board https://www.ok.gov/elections/Voter_Info/Absentee_Voting/ County Election Board Received Nov. 2nd https://www.ok.gov/elections/OVP.html
Oregon Oct. 13th https://sos.oregon.gov/voting/Pages/registration.aspx?lang=en Doesn't have early In Person n/a All-mail election Drop box Received Nov. 3rd https://sos.oregon.gov/voting/pages/myvote.aspx?lang=en
Pennsylvania Oct. 19th https://www.votespa.com/Register-to-Vote/Pages/How-to-Register-to-Vote.aspx Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/OnlineAbsenteeApplication/#/OnlineAbsenteeBegin County Board of Elections Received Nov. 3rd https://www.pavoterservices.pa.gov/pages/ballottracking.aspx
Rhode Island Oct. 4th https://vote.sos.ri.gov/Home/RegistertoVote?ActiveFlag=1 Oct. 14th - Nov. 2nd Local Board of Canvassers' office https://vote.sos.ri.gov/VoteVotebyMail?ActiveFlag=4 Local Board of Canvassers Received Nov. 3rd https://vote.sos.ri.gov/
South Carolina Oct. 5th https://www.scvotes.gov/south-carolina-voter-registration-information Doesn't have early In Person n/a https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspx?PageMode=AbsenteeRequest Local Elections Office Received Nov. 3rd https://info.scvotes.sc.gov/eng/voterinquiry/VoterInformationRequest.aspx?PageMode=AbsenteeInfo Absentees may not be allowed for the general election - they were for the primary.
South Dakota Oct. 19th https://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/voting/register-to-vote/default.aspx Sept 18th - Nov 2nd County Auditor's office https://sdsos.gov/elections-voting/voting/absentee-voting.aspx County Auditor's office Received Nov. 2nd https://vip.sdsos.gov/viplogin.aspx
Tennessee Oct. 5th https://ovr.govote.tn.gov/ Oct 14th - Oct 29th See Local Election Commission's office https://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/absentee-voting n/a - must be submitted by mail. In-person delivery is specifically not allowed. Received Nov. 3rd https://sos.tn.gov/products/elections/voter-registration-information-lookup-absentee-mail-ballot-status-tracker
Texas Oct. 5th https://www.votetexas.gov/register-to-vote/index.html Oct 13th - Oct 30th https://teamrv-mvp.sos.texas.gov/MVP/mvp.do https://www.sos.texas.gov/elections/votereqabbm.shtml Early voting clerk Received Nov. 3rd https://webservices.sos.state.tx.us/FPCA/index.aspx Not all voters are eligible for mail-in ballots in Texas
Utah Oct. 23rd https://secure.utah.gov/voterreg/index.html Oct 20th - Oct 30th https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-address/how-and-where-can-i-vote Same - check box on registration form Dropbox Received Nov. 3rd https://votesearch.utah.gov/voter-search/search/search-by-votetrack-mail-ballot
Vermont Nov. 3rd https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/voters/registration/ Sept 19th - Nov 2nd Town Clerk's office https://sos.vermont.gov/elections/voters/voter-faqs/absentee-voting-faqs/#q1 Town Clerk's office Received Nov. 2nd https://mvp.vermont.gov/ All voters will be sent a mail-in ballot for November
Virginia Oct. 13th https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation Sept 19th - Oct 31st https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/voterinformation/publiccontactlookup Same Local registrar's office Postmarked Nov. 3rd and received Nov. 6th https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation
Washington October 26th online; November 3rd in person https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/register.aspx Oct 16th - Nov 3rd https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/auditors/# All-mail election Many locations - see County Auditor's website Postmarked Nov. 3rd https://voter.votewa.gov/WhereToVote.aspx Washington will mail ballots. Make sure your address is up to date.
Washington D.C. Oct. 13th online. Nov 3rd in person https://www.dcboe.org/FAQS/Voter-Registration Oct 24th - Nov 3rd https://earlyvoting.dcboe.org/ https://www.dcboe.org/Voters/Absentee-Voting/Request-an-Absentee-Ballot Drop box Recieved Nov 3rd https://www.dcboe.org/Voters/Absentee-Voting/Track-Absentee-Ballot
West Virginia Oct. 13th https://ovr.sos.wv.gov/RegisteLanding Oct 21st - Oct 31st Contact clerk for more information https://sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/AbsenteeVotingInformation.aspx Clerk's office Recieved Nov 4th https://services.sos.wv.gov/Elections/VoteAbsenteeBallotTracking
Wisconsin Oct. 13th online; can register in person at clerk's office until October 30th, and on Election Day at the polls. https://myvote.wi.gov/en-US/RegisterToVote Oct 20th - Nov 1st Municipal clerk's office https://myvote.wi.gov/en-US/VoteAbsentee Municipal clerk's office or dropbox (see their website for locations) Recieved Nov 3rd https://myvote.wi.gov/en-us/MyVoterInfo
Wyoming October 20th https://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/State/RegisteringToVote.aspx Sept 18th - Nov 2nd County clerk's office https://sos.wyo.gov/Elections/State/AbsenteeVoting.aspx County clerk's office Recieved Nov 2nd Contact your County Clerk
submitted by _mr0 to u/_mr0 [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 22:17 enemyben Some thoughts after updating my 2013 Niner Hardtail

Some thoughts after updating my 2013 Niner Hardtail


The Updated bike

Original build

So my first real mountain bike is a 2013 Niner Sir 9 that I built from the frame up. Was a great XC style bike that I got a lot of miles on in MN and WI. I live in Colorado now and the bike just wasn’t keeping up with the steeper terrain around here. I’ve since gotten a full suspension, but still love this bike and wanted to get some terrain appropriate updates. This discussion may be a bit long, but figured it may be useful for anyone else updating their rigs.
  • Brakes - Had some XTs, but I think the fact they were 7 years old, they just weren’t performing that well anymore. Updated to brand new SLX 2-pistons with metal pads, and they have been awesome. Great single-finger stopping power. Sold the XTs (For like $50), and got the SLXs for like $230 on sale (front and rear levers and calipers).
  • Fork - This was a massive upgrade. Original 32mm SID had 100mm air spring, and a remote-controlled damper. The remote damper worked well for the first 3 years, but since then was requiring at least 2 bleeds per year (otherwise got stuck in lockout). So, did a major upgrade to a Charger 2 Damper (~$180 on sale ). Upgraded the air spring to 120mm travel (~$30) which slackened the head tube a little bit and obviously added some more travel. Swapped out top cap on air side to include two bottomless tokens. Spent some time tweaking the fork. This is the most drastic change on the bike by far. I’m hitting chunk and loose gravel at 3-4x the speed I used to before upgrading the damper. The slightly slacker headtube angle is great for steeper descents but its still not all that steep (like maybe 69 degrees with bigger air spring). Warranty was already expired on the frame, and honestly I don’t feel like 20mm is going to hurt anything here.
  • Stem - Swapped out the 90mm XC style for a 60mm stem. Just makes turning a little bit easier on the terrain I ride. Just got a cheap stem from ChainReaction for like $15.
  • Seatpost - swapped out rigid carbon for a PNW Coast with Loam Lever. I really like it so far. Added maybe 1.25lbs overall to the bike, but its a price I’m glad to pay in Colorado. The Coast has a “bump absorber” 40mm travel. I’ve seen a lot of mixed reviews on it, but honestly its been decent for me. Others complain that the rebound on it (after a big bump) is pretty harsh, but I think its a noticeable difference vs a rigid post. Sure it could be better, but it works well for me. Had some coupons so got the setup of seatpost and lever for like $230. As most reviews have stated, the Loam Lever is really nice.
All in, I probably put ~$650 into the bike and completely revitalized it. Obviously this still a significant investment on a 7 year old bike, but I still love this bike so was happy to put the money into it. The drivetrain (1x10) is pretty much near end of life, and may swap it out for 1x12 over winter.
It was a great project, and honestly the biggest newly learned skill was servicing and tuning suspension. Prior to this upgrade, I was pretty nervous about messing with my fork and was always paying to have services done. Now I’m pretty confident in what I’m doing, and the Charger 2 internals really brought a 2013 fork up to date. SRAM online service helped a ton with my questions on compatibility and parts. I had debated just swapping the fork entirely vs. doing the internals update, but the stanchions are in perfect shape and it seemed a shame to just toss a perfectly good part. Very happy with how it turned out.
submitted by enemyben to MTB [link] [comments]


2020.09.15 15:23 arnoldez [WTS] Men's/Women's, Keen, Ibex, REI, Topo Designs, Tom Bihn, Thermarest, Sawyer, Polarmax, lots of made in USA

UPDATED: Many items have sold, so I've moved them to the bottom for easier navigation.
Hey there, I'm pretty new around here so bear with me. PayPal Goods/Services only. All prices include shipping to CONUS unless otherwise noted. For sizing reference, I am 6’2” and about 180 pounds. The women's stuff belonged to my wife, who is 5'0".
Verification and Product Photos
Please note: if you intend to buy multiple pieces, I will happily reduce the cost based on shipping. Just let me know what you’re looking at and your shipping zip code, and I’ll deduct accordingly.

Clothing

[1 SOLD, 1 AVAILABLE] **Fire Force #8740 Military Style Ripstop Nylon Poncho, Coyote Brown, 55” x 90” – $15 each (**2x available 1x available)
• 100% Ripstop Nylon w/ Brass Grommets • Made in USA
These ponchos are pretty tough, and they are still NEW in packaging. Bought these for emergency use, but the emergency never came. I just don’t want them anymore. They include grommets to allow dual-use as a rain fly. I don’t think they’re designed to go over a backpack, but I haven’t tested them.
Condition notes: None, these are new (still in packaging).
REI Co-op Women’s Fleece Jacket, Burgundy, Small – $25
• 100% Polyester • Made in Vietnam
This fleece jacket is a simple full-zip design with no hood and two zip pockets for your hands to keep warm. The image makes the jacket look kind of brown, but it’s more of a burgundy color. Here’s a more accurate representation of the color.
Condition notes: My wife has loved this fleece, but it still looks like the day she bought it. There are no loose threads, no holes, no pilling whatsoever. We’re very impressed with how it has held up.

Shoes

Keen Men’s Durand Polar Shell Boot, 11.5 US – $90
• Assembled in USA of imported materials
These boots are waterproof, warm, durable, and great on ice! I’ve only worn these a couple of times, but they’re just a bit excessive for someone living in Texas. They served me well when walking on an iced over lake in Vermont, but for most of the cold weather hiking I do, these are a bit overkill. Keen lists these as rated to -25° F (-32° C), with 200g insulation. Assembled in Portland, Oregon. I replaced the laces on these because I didn’t like the original ones, but I was able to find the originals. I will include both pairs.
Condition notes: These are nearly in new condition. The tread is pristine, and there are no visible scuffs or tears. More pictures available by request.

Backpacks/Luggage

Military-Style Surplus ALICE Backpack w/ Frame and Waist Strap – $30 PLUS SHIPPING\*
I cannot verify the authenticity or the origin of this bag, but it sure seems to be the real thing. It was purchased from an army surplus store somewhere in Texas (either Austin or San Antonio, I can’t remember), and it’s in exactly the same shape as when I purchased it. It has 3 large pouches on the outside, and one huge main compartment that also has an internal pocket to keep heavier items close to your back. The top cover has a hook-and-loop pocket built into it. The frame is very sturdy, and is great for lashing large items.
Condition notes: This bag has definitely been used, but there are no tears, holes, or loose threads. It has no zippers to break, and the straps are all in pretty good shape. In one picture, you will note that the hole in one of the metal buckles on the shoulder straps broke and can no longer retain a pull loop. It does not affect the performance of the backpack. You will need to apply pressure to the buckles to lock it into place. Additionally, the previous owner used a heavy duty tape to keep the straps out of the way (none have been cut), so there is some tape residue in various places.
\Shipping note: Because of the metal frame, this backpack requires a larger box that means a greater shipping cost. If you are interested in this pack, shoot me your zip code and I can get you an estimate on shipping – the range is about $20–$50 for CONUS.*
Tom Bihn Aeronaut 45, Black – $140
• Exterior: Black 1050D Ballistic Nylon • Interior: Yellow Halcyon 200D Ripstop Grid Nylon • Made in USA
For those not familiar with the brand, this beautiful piece of luggage is built to be tough and extremely versatile. It’s well-designed and easy to carry. The padded handle on top makes hand carry easy, and the hidden backpack straps are comfortable, easy to deploy, and tuck away neatly. The bag also includes loops to attach a shoulder strap (not included). The organization is top-notch, and the pack is designed to be the maximum size allowed as a domestic carry-on. It makes a great choice for onebag!
Condition notes: Overall, this piece is in pretty good condition, but there are some abuse scuffs from TSA. The front panel has a mark that looks like it rubbed against a conveyor belt, and there are a few scuffs along the handle and top of the bag. The damage is light, and shouldn’t affect the lifespan of the bag, as it is built from very durable 1050D ballistic nylon. One of the zipper pulls on the main compartment is missing the corded zipper pull extension (see image). Message me for additional detailed images.

Outdoor Gear

OneTigris Mirage Mesh Tent – $35
• Mesh: Polyester Fibre B3 Netting • FlooWalls: Oxford Cloth with PU dual-coating Bathtub Bottom (I don't know what they mean by Oxford Cloth, it's 30D nylon)
I’m not certain of the origin of this tent. This is a lightweight single-person option that I found on Amazon. It can be set up by tying each end to nearby trees/posts, using trekking poles (pictured, not included), or running a ridge line (not included). The tent includes 6 stakes, 6 guy lines, and a stuff sack. POLES AND RAIN FLY ARE NOT INCLUDED. The tent weighs approximately 1 lb 14 oz with included stuff sack, tent stakes, and guy lines. It measures approximately 78 inches long by 47 inches wide by 43 inches tall when set up, and packs down to approximately 11 inches long by 5 inches in diameter.
IMPORTANT: This is a mesh-only tent, and it does NOT include a rain fly! It is intended to be used with a tarp. If you're interested, I can add in a grey 95x83 tarp with corner grommets and straps for $10. Fully stretched, it should cover the 78-inch shelter with just a few inches of overlap.
Condition notes: This tent is in great shape. I've only camped in it once, and I've set it up a couple of times in the backyard to figure it out. No tears, holes, or other known damage.
Photo note: The photos for this were shot for a previous listing, and it’s kind of a pain to set up a tent and take photos. Please note that the first photo includes today’s date, for verification.
Therm-a-Rest Pro Plus Self-Inflating Sleeping Pad, Small – $25
• Made in USA
This sleeping pad is a comfortable option for back sleepers looking for a 3/4-length pad to reduce weight or a pad for their child. It measures approximately 48 in long by 20 in wide at the widest point. Pad is 1.5 in thick, and packs down to about 12 in long by 5 in diameter. Weighs approximately 1 lb with included sack.
Condition notes: The top shows typical wear and tear, with wrinkles and minimal scuffing. The pad has no known leaks or issues, and it still seems to work like the day I bought it. I recommend storing it aired up – when you receive it, it will take some time to self-inflate the first time after shipping.

Sold items (no longer available)

[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Ibex Shak Spire Hoodie, Black, Medium – $90
• 100% Merino Wool • Made in USA of imported materials
This full-zip hoodie is warm and comfy. It fits snugly throughout, but has enough stretch to remain comfortable. The sleeves have thumb loops, making this a decent option for a base or mid-layer in very cold temperatures.
Condition notes: I hardly ever wore this. It’s in great condition. No pilling, no stains, and no tears or holes. This item has always been stored in a zipped bag, never on a hanger and never accessible to bugs.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING, 1 WAITLIST] Polarmax Men’s Core 3.0 Tight, Black, Large – $15
• 92% Polyester / 8% Lycra • Made in USA
These tights are VERY warm. They’re pretty lightweight and minimal, but they manage to up the heat factor with these quite a bit. There’s a decent bit of stretch in them. I don’t think I’ve ever actually worn these beyond trying them on, because they’ve always just been too hot for me to get any use out of them in Texas. These pair well with the 4-Way Stretch Crew below. These tights are opaque (not see-through).
Condition notes: These are pretty much like new. There are no damages to report, no stains, and no known wear. As I mentioned above, I don’t think I’ve ever worn these.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING, 1 WAITLIST] Polarmax Men’s 4-Way Stretch Crew, Black, Large – $15
• 92% Polyester / 8% Lycra • Made in USA
This long-sleeve crew is also very toasty. Again, I don’t believe I’ve ever worn this top beyond just trying it on and deciding it’s still too hot. It’s pretty stretch, and form-fitting. Pairs well with the tights above. This crew is opaque (not see-through).
Condition notes: These are pretty much like new. There are no damages to report, no stains, and no known wear. As I mentioned above, I don’t think I’ve ever worn these.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Polarmax Men’s Polar 1 Lightweight Pant, Black w/ Silver Trim, Large – $10
• 100% Polyester • Made in USA
These pants add a minimal amount of warmth, and I used them well in Texas winters. They’re pretty comfortable, but the fabric is somewhat sheer, so be aware if you intend to wear them as your only layer.
Condition notes: I’ve used these a fair bit, and they are showing some signs of pilling. There are no holes, stains, or loose threads in them, so I think they should stand up for quite a bit longer under normal use.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Polarmax Men’s Micro H1 Crew, Grey Heather, Medium – $10
• 94% Polyester / 6% Lycra • Made in USA
This long-sleeve crew is a much lighter weight than the 4-Way Stretch above. It fits loosely, but is not baggy. It’s main purpose is to regulate and wick moisture. It adds some warmth, but not much.
Condition notes: I’ve used this crew extensively, but it is still in good shape. There are minor signs of pilling upon close inspection, but there are no holes, tears, loose threads, or stains.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Polarmax Men’s Micro H1 Crew, Ink Blue, Medium – $10
• 94% Polyester / 6% Lycra • Made in USA
This long-sleeve crew is a much lighter weight than the 4-Way Stretch above. It fits loosely, but is not baggy. It’s main purpose is to regulate and wick moisture. It adds some warmth, but not much. The color is listed as Ink Blue, but it’s a bit more turquoise, I think.
Condition notes: I’ve used this crew extensively, but it is still in good shape. There are minor signs of pilling upon close inspection, but there are no holes, tears, loose threads, or stains.
[SALE PENDING] Polarmax Men’s Micro H1 T-Shirt, Black, Medium – $10
• 94% Polyester / 6% Lycra • Made in USA
This short-sleeve tee shirt is the same material as the Micro H1 crew above, but in a black color. It fits like a normal tee-shirt, loose but not baggy. It’s a great summer shirt, and is rated at UPF 39+ (I assume the long sleeves above are rated as well, but it wasn’t stated on the tag, so I didn’t list it above).
Condition notes: This tee is in pretty good condition, better than the Micro H1 crews above. I’ve worn it a few times, but I’m not seeing any obvious signs of pilling. There are no stains, tears, holes, or loose strings.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Polarmax Men’s Base Layer Basic Crew (Large) AND Pant (Medium), White, – $10
• 100% Polyester • Made in USA
I’m selling these two items together because it just wouldn’t be worth the shipping if I sold them separately. This long-sleeve crew and pant set are loose-fitting but not baggy, and actually can be pretty toasty. They’re good in similar situations to when you might wear thermals or long johns around the house. They have minimal stretch in them, which I believe is why they are considered part of the “basic” line.
Condition notes: I’ve only worn these a couple of times. They have no tears, holes, or loose strings. There is some very minor pilling, but overall I think they’re in good condition. No stains.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] 32 Degrees Women’s Ultra-Light Packable Down Jacket, Red, Small – $20
• Shell: 100% Nylon • Lining: 100% Nylon • Insulation: 90% Down / 10% Feathers (650 fill power) • Made in China
This no-name down jacket has kind of surprised me with its value, but it’s still a budget jacket. Not much use for a down jacket in Texas, but my wife’s mom bought her this on a whim. It has a removable hood, a full-zip closure with snap-button flap, and two zip pockets. The cuffs are elastic to keep out cold air. The bottom and the hood do not cinch closed. The jacket is extremely packable, but it does not include a stuff sack.
Condition notes: The jacket is very clean with no holes or significant damage issues, but there are loose threads throughout because of the build quality. This jacket isn’t a lifetime purchase, but it’s a good deal for someone looking for a lightweight option they can abuse and throw out without much care. The down has surprisingly stayed inside the jacket from what I’ve seen.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Topo Designs Stack Pack, Turquoise/Bright Yellow – $40
• 1000D Cordura Nylon • Made in Vietnam
This 17L pack holds a surprising amount of stuff, and it fits under most airline seats (which is the main reason I purchased it). It would also make a great day pack. The back is decently vented with mesh, and the straps have some pretty good padding. There are ample attachment options as well, including a shock cord bungee and dual loops. Inside, there are several organizational pockets to keep your small items organized. If you’re familiar with other Topo products, I was able to fit the Camera Cube into the bottom of this pack, with plenty of extra room for carry-on necessities. It will fit a 15” laptop into a padded interior sleeve.
Condition notes: There is virtually no wear and tear on this bag, but there are some scuff marks and stains on the bright yellow portions of the bag, internally and along the bottom of the bag. If you would like a detailed view of these, please message me.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING, 1 WAITLIST] Topo Designs Pack Bag, Black – $10
• Made in USA (I think)
This is a basic packing cube, designed to help organize your luggage. It works well with the Stack Pack listed above, or probably any other bag. It measures approximately 10” W x 14” H x 3” D and zips on all three sides with nice, chunky YKK zippers. It also has a mesh pocket inside. Please note, although the current line of pack bags from Topo Designs is made in Vietnam, I believe this older version to be made in USA because it has the US flag tag that the company usually uses to denote products made domestically. This version is from before they had varying sizes of these pack bags, and is not currently offered on their site. Backcountry.com lists the red version as “Handmade along Colorado's Front Range,” whatever that means.
Condition notes: Like new. No stains, no damage, everything works flawlessly.
[SOLD] [SALE PENDING] Sawyer Personal Water Filtration Bottle – $15
• Made in USA (I think)
This water filtration bottle has never been used in the field. I bought it as part of my bug out bag, and never had a need for it. Filter removes 99.9999%+ of bacteria, protozoa, E. Coli, giardia, vibrio cholerea, Salmonella typhi, and microplastics. Does NOT filter viruses. Weighs 5.5 oz. and includes a BPA-free bottle, 63 mm flip top cap, filter, and backwashing syringe. Please note, I believe all Sawyer products are made in USA, but I do not have the original packaging and cannot readily find information online about the origin of this product.
Condition notes: Logo rubbed off just slightly on one side of the bottle. Otherwise in great condition with no damage and no use.
submitted by arnoldez to GearTrade [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 14:43 Euronotus Teddy (20L - Northern Atlantic)


Other discussions

Daily Outlook & Discussion - 21 September

20L - Teddy

22L - Beta

17E - Lowell

14W - Dolphin

Latest news

Last updated: Tuesday, 22 September 2020 - 2:40 AM AST (06:40 UTC)

Teddy strengthens as it undergoes extratropical transition

Data collected by a recent U.S. Air Force Hurricane Hunters mission indicates that Hurricane Teddy has increased in strength as it undergoes extratropical transition along its northward trek toward Nova Scotia this evening. Animated infrared imagery depicts a rapid degradation in the cyclone's symmetry, though deep convection continues to develop close enough to the low-level center to maintain a warm inner core. Water vapor imagery indicates that a substantial amount of dry air is penetrating the cyclone's circulation from the southwest.
Intensity estimates derived from satellite imagery analysis and aerial reconnaissance indicate that Teddy's maximum one-minute sustained winds have regained Category 2 hurricane strength, increasing to 85 knots (160 kilometers per hour). Teddy continues to accelerate toward the north-northwest as it moves closer to a deep-layer mid-latitude trough approaching from the northwest.
Latest data NHC Advisory #39A 2:00 AM AST (06:00 UTC)
Current location: 37.5°N 62.1°W 376 miles (605 km) SSE of Hamilton, Bermuda
Forward motion: NNW (340°) at 22 knots (41 km/h)
Maximum winds: 85 knots (155 km/h)
Intensity: Hurricane (Category 2)
Minimum pressure: 956 millibars (28.23 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Tuesday, 22 September 2020 - 2:40 AM AST (06:40 UTC)

It is unclear exactly when Teddy will complete extratropical transition

Continued baroclinic forcing from the approaching baroclinic system and warm sea-surface temperatures associated with the Gulf Stream current should result in some brief intensification this morning even as Teddy continues to undergo extratropical transition. The cyclone's wind field is expected to nearly double in size as it becomes increasingly entangled in the trough, though winds should start to decrease in intensity as Teddy moves over cooler waters north of the current on Tuesday evening. It remains unclear exactly when Teddy will complete this transition period and whether it will happen before the cyclone reaches Nova Scotia on Wednesday morning.

Teddy is expected to produce widespread impacts even beyond its track

Teddy's expansive wind field is expected to produce very large swells which are expected to affect portions of the western Atlantic as far away as Bermuda, the Leeward Islands, the Greater Antilles, the Bahamas, the entire eastern coast of the United States, and large portions of Atlantic Canada over the next few days. Heavy rainfall is expected to reach the coast of Atlantic Canada later in the day on Tuesday and continue through Thursday as Teddy crosses over Nova Scotia and turns northeastward toward Newfoundland later in the week. Widespread wind, storm surge, and rainfall impacts are expected through Thursday as a weakening post-tropical Teddy exits out into the Labrador Sea.

Official forecast

Forecast valid: Monday, 21 September 2020 - 11:00 PM AST (03:00 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds - Lat Long
- - UTC AST - knots kph ºN ºW
00 22 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 2) 85 155 35.6 61.5
12 22 Sep 12:00 08:00 Hurricane (Category 2) 85 155 38.4 62.6
24 23 Sep 00:00 20:00 Hurricane (Category 1) 70 130 41.1 63.1
36 23 Sep 12:00 08:00 Tropical Storm 60 110 44.6 61.5
48 24 Sep 00:00 20:00 Extratropical Cyclone 50 95 49.0 58.7
60 24 Sep 12:00 08:00 Extratropical Cyclone 45 85 52.8 54.8
72 25 Sep 00:00 20:00 Extratropical Cyclone 40 75 58.1 51.4
96 26 Sep 00:00 20:00 [Dissipated](remnant)

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

Canadian Hurricane Centre

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

Bermuda Weather Service

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

EUMETSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Analysis Facility

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 20:27 Euronotus Sally (19L - Gulf of Mexico)


Other discussions

Latest news

Last updated: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:20 AM EDT (15:20 UTC)

Sally degenerates into a remnant low over Georgia

Sally's deep convection has been displaced far enough away from the fully exposed low-level circulation that it can no longer be considered a tropical cyclone. Analysis of satellite imagery, radar data, and surface observations indicate Sally continues to become increasingly entangled within a formative baroclinic zone associated with a deepening mid-level trough sliding across the southeastern United States.
While Sally is no longer tropical in nature, it continues to produce a large area of heavy rainfall which continue to move toward the northeast, spreading across South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. The cyclone continues to produce tropical depression-strength winds, with maximum one-minute sustained winds falling to 25 knots (30 miles per hour) over the past several hours. Sally has begun to accelerate toward the northeast to east-northeast as it becomes increasingly embedded within mid-latitude westerly flow along the northern periphery of a subtropical ridge to the south.
Latest data NHC Advisory #26 11:00 AM EDT (15:00 UTC)
Current location 32.6°N 84.4°W 28 miles ESE of Columbus, Georgia
Forward motion NE (55°) at 18 knots (21 mph)
Maximum winds 25 knots (30 mph)
Intensity Remnant Low
Minimum pressure 1004 millibars (29.65 inches)

Forecast discussion

Last updated: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:20 AM EDT (15:20 UTC)

Heavy rainfall is expected to continue across the Carolinas and Virginia today

The threat of heavy rainfall and life-threatening flooding continues to spread across the Carolinas and southern Virginia today. Approximately four to six inches of rainfall is expected to fall over the region through Friday as Sally continues to weaken. Widespread flash flooding and minor to moderate river flooding is likely through the next couple of days. Sally is expected to ultimately dissipate over North Carolina by the end of the week.

Official forecast

Forecast valid: Thursday, 17 September 2020 - 11:00 AM EDT (15:00 UTC)
Hour Date Time Intensity Winds Lat Long
- - UTC EDT - - knots mph ºN ºW
00 17 Sep 12:00 08:00 Remnant Low Inland 25 30 32.6 84.4
12 18 Sep 00:00 20:00 Remnant Low Inland 25 30 34.0 81.7
24 18 Sep 12:00 08:00 Remnant Low Inland 30 35 37.0 75.0
36 19 Sep 00:00 20:00 Dissipated

Official information sources

National Hurricane Center

Forecast Bulletins

National Weather Service

Satellite imagery

Floater imagery

Visible imagery

Infrared imagery

Water vapor imagery

Multispectral imagery

Microwave imagery

Multiple Bands

Regional imagery

Radar

National Weather Service

Analysis graphics and data

Wind analysis

Scatterometer data

Sea surface temperatures

Model guidance

Storm-Specific Guidance

Western Atlantic Guidance

submitted by Euronotus to TropicalWeather [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 17:02 autotldr 'Beyond Suspect': States Warn DeJoy-Led Postal Service Is Sending Misinformation About Voting to Millions of Americans

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 69%. (I'm a bot)
Officials in Colorado, California, and Washington state on Friday were forced to publicly clarify local election procedures and guidelines after the U.S. Postal Service began sending out mailers containing potentially misleading information about the voting process to households across the country.
"Confusing voters about mail ballots in the middle of a pandemic is unacceptable. It can undermine confidence in the election and suppress votes. I will do everything in my power to stop USPS from sending misinformation to voters."
Other state officials also took to Twitter and issued statements reminding residents of the mail-in voting process in response to the USPS postcard, which mentions that "Rules and dates vary by state" before offering specific timelines on requesting and sending ballots-advice that could be helpful in some states but misleading in others.
The mailers were sent as part of broader election "Advertising" effort that comes as DeJoy and other top Postal Service officials are facing accusations of deliberately undermining mail-in voting to help President Donald Trump win reelection.
As the New York Times reported, the Postal Service is working to reassure voters and state officials that it is "Prepared to handle an expected surge in voting by mail as a result of the pandemic."
"The Postal Service recently warned states that it might not be able to process all last-minute ballots," the Times continued, "Opening the possibility that hundreds of thousands could arrive too late to be counted."
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: voter#1 state#2 mail#3 ballot#4 election#5
Post found in /politics, /Fuckthealtright, /politics, /Political_Revolution and /democrats.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 06:07 assessment_bot [ Fatal(1) ] [ 08/26/2020 ] Cessna T210, Peyton/ CO

On August 26, 2020, about 1137 mountain daylight time, a Cessna T210N airplane, N64EM, was destroyed when it was involved in an accident near Peyton, Colorado. The private pilot sustained fatal injuries. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight.
According to initial information, between about 0830 and 0930, the airplane was flown in the airport traffic pattern at the Meadow Lake Airport (FLY), near Colorado Springs, Colorado. About 1011, the pilot flew the airplane about 20 minutes from FLY to the City of Colorado Springs Municipal Airport (COS), near Colorado Springs, Colorado, for service to the airplane's oxygen system. About 1125, the airplane departed COS on a return flight to FLY.
During the return flight, a flight instructor who was providing instruction in a slower airplane in the pattern at FLY stated that he remembered the accident airplane getting in between the airplane he was in and another slower airplane that was in trail for a landing on runway 33. The instructor felt that there was not much separation between the airplanes. The student and instructor turned the airplane from the base leg onto final and thought the accident airplane extended its downwind to make some room between the slower airplanes. After the student and instructor landed their airplane, they heard that the accident airplane had crashed south of the runway. The instructor turned around and saw plumes of black smoke and the student called 911.
The pilot in the slower trailing airplane stated that the accident airplane entered on the downwind between his airplane and the instructor's and student pilot's airplane. He saw that the accident airplane flew an extended downwind leg and overshot the runway while turning final. A crosswind was present relative to runway 33. The accident airplane increased its bank during that turn to final and pitched up. The accident airplane then impacted terrain, a "puff" of white smoke was observed, then a "fire ball", and black smoke. The airplane nosed over following the impact. The pilot said that the accident pilot made all "proper" radio calls without any mention of malfunctions and did not declare an emergency.
A witness near the accident site said that he saw the airplane's wings "wiggle" and thought that the airplane was going to crash. The airplane then nosed down and impacted terrain. The airplane was about 30 to 50 ft up in the air when it nosed down. The airplane dropped "straight" in. There was no fire or smoke from the airplane when it was in the air. The witness did not hear any engine "sounds". The nose landing gear separated on impact, bounced, and it came to rest by a fence line. The airplane slid on the ground from its initial impact point to its resting point and subsequently caught on fire.
The 46-year-old pilot reported that he had accumulated 207 hours of total flight time and 0 hours of flight in last six months before his last Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) examination for a third-class medical certificate dated December 2, 2019. The pilot was given a notice of disapproval after his initial attempt at a private pilot examination. According to a flight instructor who subsequently endorsed the accident pilot's private pilot retest, the accident pilot's areas of deficiency were the soft field takeoff and the short field landing. The instructor gave the accident pilot four additional instructional flights totaling 8.1 hours of flight time. The instructor did not recall the specifics of the instruction he gave the pilot. However, the pilot satisfactorily passed the retesting for his private pilot certificate on October 21, 2016.
According to initial information from a mechanic who performed maintenance on the accident airplane, the engine exhibited low cylinder compression readings during an annual inspection and cylinders were replaced. The mechanic subsequently flew the airplane with the pilot to seat the rings.
A fuel service receipt shows the accident airplane was fueled on August 26, 2020, about 0945, with 53.34 gallons of 100 low lead aviation gasoline. The airplane was equipped with two 45-gallon fuel tanks, which had a total capacity of 90 gallons of which 89 gallons was usable.
The airplane impacted terrain about a mile southeast of runway 33 at FLY. FAA inspectors examined and documented the wreckage. The left wing, left elevator, and sections of the fuselage were melted, deformed, and discolored consistent with ground fire. The outboard section of the right wing did not exhibit the same extent of thermal deformation and discoloration as the left wing. The fuel tank selector was found selecting the right tank. The propeller hub remained attached to the engine. The propeller blade that remained attached to the hub exhibited melting, deformation, and discoloration. Two propeller blades separated from the propeller hub and outboard sections of those blades exhibited chordwise abrasion. The flap jack screw extension was consistent with retracted flaps.
The airplane and engine were recovered and have been retained for further examination.
The El Paso County Coroner was asked to conduct an autopsy on the pilot and to take toxicological samples.
Category Data Category Data Category Data
Event Id: 20200826X61854 Investigation Type: Accident Accident Number: CEN20LA365
Event Date: 08/26/2020 Location: Peyton, CO Country: United States
Latitude: 38.920278 Longitude: -104.558056 Airport Code: FLY
Airport Name: MEADOW LAKE Injury Severity: Fatal(1) Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Aircraft Category: Airplane Registration Number: N64EM Make: Cessna
Model: T210 Amateur Built: No Number of Engines: 1
Engine Type: Reciprocating FAR Description: Part 91: General Aviation Schedule:
Purpose of Flight: Personal Air Carrier: Total Fatal Injuries: 1
Total Serious Injuries: Total Minor Injuries: Total Uninjured:
Weather Condition: VMC Broad Phase of Flight: APPROACH Report Status: Preliminary
Publication Date: 09/09/2020
http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20200826X61854
submitted by assessment_bot to NTSB_database [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 04:15 decentwriter I feel like I'm losing it...Need help pairing my Echo and my Philips Hue light bulbs.

Hello! I am hoping this is the appropriate place to ask. I feel like I'm going crazy here.
My power went out for half a second the other day (It snowed in Colorado, climate change, etc..) and when it came back on all three of my Philips Hue smart bulbs had disconnected from my Echo. I have tried everything I can think of to reconnect them with no success. I have unpaired and attempted to re-pair, unplugged the lamp, unplugged the Echo, reset the router, made sure the Echo software is up to date, disconnected the Echo from the WiFi and re-connected it, reset the Echo entirely, etc.
I was told by an Amazon customer service associate that I need the Hue Bridge, which is a $57 hub all of my lights should connect to, and to enable the Hue skill in the app in order for my lights to pair. My issue is for the last six months I have used these bulbs I did not have the Hue Bridge or have the skill enabled - the lights simply just paired in the app and I began to use them. I was told I may not need the Bridge if I can just enable the skill, but to enable the skill you have to log into a Hue account and you are physically unable to move past Page One of the Hue app if you don't own the Bridge and link it to the account.
Did something change in the last six months that I am unaware of? Amazon assured me it has always been this way. But like I said, I have successfully paired these lights on several occasions as recently as March/April of this year.
Does anyone know what I could possibly be missing here? I feel so dumb, please go easy on me!
submitted by decentwriter to amazonecho [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 08:21 UNSCFLEETCOM Character Spotlight: HMS Devastation(N3 class Battleship).

So this is a new format for getting my ship ideas out there instead of having stories with bits and pieces of information spread out. I will still write those stories; this is just a compressed overview of the characters, mainly because these usually aren’t real ships usually being PR. So people get confused at who exactly they are since if they were to google them it would come up with their previous iterations and I tend not to put their classes in the story due to it not really mattering in the storyline plus the characters should already know their class anyway. I won’t be giving too many spoilers for stuff coming but there will be for already released stuff. These are my sources for their designs, I will be doing most of them with a select few for the Lions: http://www.shipbucket.com/forums/viewtopic.php?t=5705
https://www.secretprojects.co.uk/threads/royal-navy-lion-class-battleship-series-1938-1945.32456/
-N3 class Battleship-
HMS Devastation.
First generation PR(In story, not PR1. She was part of the first wave built including Fisher, Monarch, Conqueror, Thunderer, Incomparable(She is technically 1.5 you can guess which one of these ships kept nagging Montrose to build her) and Saint Lawrence. Second generation PRs are Malta, Gibraltar, Africa, New Zealand, Audacious, Irresistible and Habakkuk.)
Specifications.(These are in more detail in the sources)
3x3 18”/45 calibre guns
8x2 6”guns
I’ve left out her tertiary and AA guns out as they would be changed with her supposed build date and Azur Lane only cares about base armament for pics and new equipment. How new would pom poms and single 120mm guns be anyway?(Although she was planned to have Ten barreled pom poms so do with that as you will)
With a 15” inch belt thinning over the machinery like on Vanguard and Nelson.
She makes about 23 knots just like her design descendant Nelson.

“Master, could you please stop calling me your angel? I know my crest has an angel on it that does not mean I am one. It’s really embarrassing… What? No I don’t have some secret ability lying around like Vanguard’s spears, I’m just next to useless... Ah yes I do say that but Laura did show me it in the bible and we both thought it sounded cool, okay.” One of her idle lines probably.
“There’s really a specific form for that?” Another idle line probably. (She has a tendency to watch what Montrose is doing over his shoulder)

A tall buxom woman with long brown hair (Typically in a French braid) and darkish grey eyes (Described by Montrose as the most colourful and vibrant grey that he’s ever seen). Typically wears a crimson gambeson (A thick padded jacket used as armour in the medieval era) and crimson cloak with a white long sleeve blouse underneath both, a knee length darkish grey pleated skirt and black pantyhose(Or sheer tights depending on where you come from). There is a reason she wears so much red. In her early life she was never anything special, just another rank and file soldier of the empire. Hence the red. She is literally a redcoat, she fought in Baltimore during the war of 1812. Considering her fairly close relationship with the modest Saint Lawrence and never really being all that important(Well she was the first mastless ocean going capital ship with the guns not in the hull when she got her own class, making an important step in technology and arguably the first battleship) so she doesn’t dress too flashy like say Monarch or KGV or Hood. Her claymore is about her height so pretty long.
Bit of a discrepancy here if she were to be in game she could appear in either her plate armour or without (I would prefer without armour). This is mainly due to the armour being made after her training within my stories by Laura and that she doesn’t wear it in combat due to the armour being not painted or lacquered leading to rust, the same goes with her Claymore being a replacement for her longsword which she broke in an incident a few weeks after summoning. But the Claymore is a very important part of her identity so that’s staying. (Yes, I pay attention to such details and growth in my stories. Jutland’s series just happens something like a year after Laura’s fear coming to light, hence why she is described without armour in the latter because how can Vanguard think to hit her in the torso with a sabre if she’s wearing plate?)
She tends to come across as a bit intimidating and imposing at first, but once you spend a little time talking to or spending a bit of time around her you start to notice that her almost authoritative and serious nature is a facade. She is secretly a relatively shy, naive and caring girl, even if Montrose doesn’t see it that often and it tends to come across to him as her giving him a bit of a cold shoulder. She has a fairly deep voice, best described as velvety and often insecure in tone.
She is known to get quite easily flustered. Also she is rather ticklish, Vanguard started tickling her to get submission holds on her during spars. She hates it. She finds it rather cold in Scapa flow, unlike the abominable snow woman Laura. It’s said a bit but she does have a bit of a way with the younger girls, they just seem to listen to her. I guess you could compare her to Yamato but instead she’s kept away from the fighting because she lacks the ability rather than being too valuable to lose, not that she isn’t valuable.
There would be a significant change in character should she be in game since in story she finds her calling, while in game she would act as she did between her summoning and becoming a guard. I haven’t covered this yet as this would take place before Saint Lawrence’s fear coming to light. To put what happens during this period quickly. Once she starts getting into the swing of things and going through the training program, she starts to realise just how behind her capabilities are compared to the rest of the ships alongside her. Then she starts questioning her existence and it obviously starts to go downhill, after some rather sombre talks with Montrose it was decided to make her one of his guards. Yes, I do realise she’s quite similar to Monarch issue wise although it is for different reasons(Monarch is not only older name wise she has also had more hulls, Devastation is very young and inexperienced for a Royal navy Capital ship which is where her ‘being forgotten’ issues stir from when you consider her history. The only capital ship that I can think of that is younger than her name wise is Saint Lawrence).
Now about her being forgotten issue. So when she first arrived there was one face she immediately recognised(She doesn’t know many capital ships due to what I said in the above paragraph) her now ex-sister Thunderer. They weren’t all that close but upon questioning her she didn’t remember her at all. I will write about this in full one day as it is very interesting. It was eventually resolved with her rejection from frontline service, well her hull was rejected not from any fault of her own. This all really started with an overheard conversation of what makes Royal Navy ships strong, one of the obvious answers was that their strength comes with age(Some ships are 400 years old like Vanguard and Dreadnought and have had more than 10 hulls to their name. They were referring to the fact that such ships had an inherent grit and hardiness to them as well as mastering their Crests (Crests while part of Royal Navy heraldry tradition can also grant special powers like Warspite’s marksmanship or Vanguard’s light spears)).
Skills-
“They’re not running away? Those poor brave fools” Battle start line. (Really just a small joke about her speed because literally everything other than the Nelsons, Monitors and the Colorados could outrun her)
“Target range found, calculations complete. I guess this angel must smite thee down. May God have mercy on your souls as my second Trumpets roar” Her salvo firing line. (Reference to her crest which is an angel descending blowing a horn with a flaming sword in the other hand. Also the second trumpet refers to the ‘seven trumpets’(Google it, sounds metal as fuck) ‘With the sounding of the second trumpet, something described as "a great mountain burning with fire" plunges into the sea and turns a third of the oceans to blood. Soon after, a third of all sea life and a third of all ships will be destroyed.’)
These are just examples of what they could be, not completely hard set on them so they can be changed.
-England’s glory-
When firing a salvo unleashes a powerful barrage. Opponents hit by the barrage will have a 80% chance to be set alight for 30 seconds. (Reference to the old Devastation appearing on England’s glory matchboxes, also the flaming sword and the trumpet on her crest)
-Long range engagement-
Enemy battleships, battlecruisers and monitors do 60% less damage to the backline but with a decrease of accuracy for both sides battleships, battlecruisers and monitors. This effect decreases over the course of the battle being cancelled out after a minute. (This is to simulate rangefinding that would happen at the start of the battle realistically also possibly making her a counter to battleship and battlecruiser backlines in pvp)
-Raphael’s blessing-
When health falls below 10% heals 30% of max hp (This can only happen once per mission not per battle). When a teammate does not take damage for 15 seconds heals them for 1% of max hp.(This is a reference to her crest and the fact that she looks shockingly close to a depiction of Raphael)
Creators note.
She out of all my creations so far has had the longest development cycle and growth, I continue to impress myself with the amount of lucky bullshit I put in that actually worked in the end. So her story begins under a different name after deciding that the four patron saints of the UK would be hard and kind of boring. Northumbria. This was the name I initially gave Saint Lawrence’s N3 class sister while she was developing in my mind and mainly because of a song I found, but I soon found the name to be rather lacking. Wanting to continue with the theme of ships names that were discontinued and participated in the war of 1812 I searched far and wide. Then I found her. The Battle of Baltimore. The battle that gave the United States it’s anthem. Fighting alongside Erebus and Terror in the same role. HMS Devastation.
Her name at first sounded a bit edgy and cringy, sounded like a 14 year old creating the best class of overpowered design ships ever or an OC ship or something(Probably what you are thinking of me and her reading this right now). But once I started going through her service record, she started to mellow and form in my mind like a fine wine. That’s when my empathy started kicking in. I truly started feeling bad for her. She had served admirably then became the arguably first step towards the battleships in the world, although her career as a mastless oceangoing ironclad was rather boring and tame. At least compared to her unlucky sister Thunderer who had multiple accidents killing dozens and even had the future king George the fifth serve aboard her for a year. Dev was almost forgotten, kind of abandoned by the navy she served. Never seeing another hull with her name up to today. Why on earth does Thunderer get carried on but not her?
I could not let such an injustice stand. There’s probably no way I could convince the royal navy to build her, so I shall do this my way.
So my initial mental picture of her was a smol redcoat with an arty gun(When she was in her first hull) and she obviously grew up to look similar to the other battleships in this N3 hull. With her inability to fight in the post war naval climate, she began to get more closely associated with being some sort of secretary to Montrose. Then the guards were formed. Devastation and Vanguard, a rather poetic combination. A ship who cannot fight effectively due to her design and a ship who believed herself to be cursed with bad luck, to be undeserving of such a hull. Perfect opposites. Dev started to become sort of a knight in shining armour sort of character. Then she started mixing into a bit of a guardian angel character. I don’t know where this train of thought initially came from, but I would soon find it eerily perfect.
I realised that due to being a commissioned warship she had a crest. An angel descending with a flaming sword and trumpet(This is from her real previous hull not something I made up). The trumpet or as I found out to be a Woe Trumpet, is a symbol of destruction and would call forth the rapture. I found the description of the second trumpet oddly naval based. She suddenly had a lot of mystery to her, due to being so young she hasn’t unlocked the potential of her crest. What is the power that her crest would give her? Things that I had just added to her without references suddenly linked up with references that I had never seen before. Things were getting out of hand. Then the final reference happened. The Archangel Raphael, the healer.
Raphael is also known as Israfil in islam as the blower of the trumpet. Things were adding up way too fast. Then I found this picture. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archangel#/media/File:Four_Archangels,_St_John's_Church,_Warminster,_Wiltshire.jpg
I got a chill up my spine. There’s no way I could have seen this before I’m not religious, never been to a church and I don’t live in England. I took a couple days break. It felt like I had become the reader and not the writer as this had all unfolded. My innate curiosity wanted to know. Then I realised nothing was going to happen without me doing anything so I should probably get back to work. I’m not going crazy am I? I formalised everything so far into this. She’s pretty much finished, although her story continues to evolve and play in my serieses. A bit of a teaser for what is to come, not like the songs that I use for writing her below are a dead give away. But she starts to have strange feelings that she’s never felt before, alas it goes against everything she’s had ingrained into her for the past two years. Conflicted and forbidden, she doesn’t really know what to do.
These are the songs I typically use for writing her.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dF74F3Sx1p4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXqxQmbXTC4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BRAfKOeJmeo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TK1P7Ggokxw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJMfGx86AjQ
This is where her first name came from, Northumbria. I also generally use it for any large ships, especially British ones now.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fk3Wu5GPSaY
P kv ovwl aoha lcluabhssf zol dpss buklyzahuk doha oly uhtlzhrl tlhuz, doha aovbnoaz oly zvbs dhz mvytlk myvt. Uva aol aovbnoaz zol ohz vm ilpun zvtl johpulk ilhza av bzoly pu aol klzaybjapvu vm lpaoly aol dhy vy obthupaf. Dlss zol’z uva jvtwslalsf dyvun. Klchzahapvu ohz hsdhfz illu aol hmalythao vm ayhnlkf huk klzaybjapvu, iba aolyl’z tvyl av pa.
Pa’z zhpk aoha pu ayhnlkf huk ohykzopw obthupaf zovdz pa’z aybl jvsvbyz ivao nvvk huk ihk, aol zhtl pz aybl vm aol hmalythao pu buklyzahukpun aol klchzahapvu dyvbnoa hz wlvwsl jvtl av aolpy zluzlz. Iba aolyl pz aolu h jvssljapcl yhssfpun jhss. Aoha zbjo aopunz zovbsku’a ohwwlu hnhpu, aoha aol mbabyl zovbsk il wlhjlmbs huk ilaaly mvy mbabyl nlulyhapvuz.
Av ylibpsk h iyvrlu dvysk.
Vr, luvbno vm aoha tf iyhpu’z zahyapun av obya. Dlss tf jvylz hyl zayhpulk huk olhapun bw, P zovbsk zhf. P kvu’a ohcl h iyhpu wly zhf. Ho zjyld aopz wvlayf ibsszopa P ullk h iylhr. Aopz pz tf adv obukylkao haaltwa! Dof pz aopz zv lhzf mvy aovzl tlyl tvyahsz!
P’t qbza nvpun av nv ahrl h iylhr vu aoha ilhjo P mvbuk.
Dovvwz P’cl slma tf aovbnoa av alea vu. P’ss lkpa pa vba shaly.

Feel free to ask any questions about Dev or any of the other ships I have mentioned, I’ll answer within reason. The next one of these will be the first of four G3s Saint Lawrence. If there’s enough interest I could do Dev’s full lines.
submitted by UNSCFLEETCOM to AzureLane [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 00:25 rayef3rw A Brief Look at How Covid-19 Impacts Current Annual Consecutive Game Streaks

I think the fact that this season will be a college football season like no other goes without saying. This year is a patchwork quilt of teams that are or aren't playing this fall (or something in-between), with many more games likely to be postponed or canceled due to ongoing Covid-19-related fallout.
Perhaps the only close comparison is the 1918 season, where the closing months of WWI sidelined many of the teams that had traditionally played college football, and the Spanish Flu sidelined the rest for varying periods of time.
Looking back through the history of college football, the World Wars (US involvement during 1917-1918 and 1941-1945) have been the two primary disruptors of the traditional yearly meetings between college football teams. I'll do a little more analysis later on in the post, but the vast majority of the existing consecutive game streaks in college football date to post-WWII, with only 27 currently-surviving consecutive match-ups dating to before 1941.
With that introduction, let's take a look at the longest-surviving uninterrupted match-ups in college football and which ones will be impacted this fall. As a quick aside, this of course all depends on how these records get counted going forward and whether a Spring 2020 season (if/when it happens) will be fully counted as the "2020" season, so I'll just add the caveat that these are uninterrupted fall meetings for now -- and assume that applies throughout.
Let me also preface this list by saying that while I tried to include all of the smaller FCS/DII conferences, I would be shocked if I didn't miss a few. If you notice any uninterrupted rivalry games missing from this list, please! -- let me know!
Matchup Current Streak Started Consecutive Years Played Playing Fall 2020? Source(s)
Lafayette Lafayette Lehigh Lehigh 1897 123 NO source
Minnesota Minnesota Wisconsin Wisconsin 1907 113 NO source
Clemson Clemson South Carolina South Carolina 1909 111 NO source
NC State NC State Wake Forest Wake Forest 1910 110 YES source
Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma State Oklahoma State 1910 110 YES source
Kansas Kansas Kansas State Kansas State 1911 109 YES source
Iowa State Iowa State Kansas State Kansas State 1917 103 YES source
Michigan Michigan Ohio State Ohio State 1918 102 NO source
Brown Brown Yale Yale 1919 101 NO source
Cornell Cornell Dartmouth Dartmouth 1919 101 NO source
Cornell Cornell Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1919 101 NO source
North Carolina North Carolina Virginia Virginia 1919 101 YES source
Columbia Columbia Cornell Cornell 1920 100 NO source
Indiana Indiana Purdue Purdue 1920 100 NO source
Duke Duke North Carolina North Carolina 1922 98 YES source
Dartmouth Dartmouth Yale Yale 1925 95 NO source
Georgia Georgia Georgia Tech Georgia Tech 1925 95 NO source
Illinois Illinois Northwestern Northwestern 1927 93 NO source
Navy Navy Notre Dame Notre Dame 1927 93 NO source
Oklahoma Oklahoma Texas Texas 1929 91 YES source
Army Army Navy Navy 1930 90 YES source
Iowa Iowa Minnesota Minnesota 1931 89 NO source
California California UCLA UCLA 1933 87 NO source
Morehouse Morehouse TuskegeeTuskegee 1936 84 NO source1
Southern California USC UCLA UCLA 1936 84 NO source
Colgate Colgate Cornell Cornell 1937 83 NO source
Columbia Columbia Dartmouth Dartmouth 1940 80 NO source
Columbia Columbia Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1941 79 NO source
Columbia Columbia Yale Yale 1943 77 NO source
Alabama Alabama Mississippi State Mississippi State 1944 76 YES source
Alabama Alabama Tennessee Tennessee 1944 76 YES source
Auburn Auburn Georgia Georgia 1944 76 YES source
Florida Florida Georgia Georgia 1944 76 YES source
Kentucky Kentucky Tennessee Tennessee 1944 76 YES source
LSU LSU Mississippi State Mississippi State 1944 76 YES source
Mississippi State Mississippi State Ole Miss Ole Miss 1944 76 YES source
Richmond Richmond William & Mary William & Mary 1944 76 NO source
Washington Washington Washington State Washington State 1944 76 NO source
Alabama A&M Alabama A&M Alabama State Alabama State 1945 75 NO source
Baylor Baylor TCU TCU 1945 75 YES source
Brown Brown Harvard Harvard 1945 75 NO source
Cincinnati Cincinnati Miami (OH) Miami (OH) 1945 75 NO source
Dartmouth Dartmouth Princeton Princeton 1945 75 NO source
Harvard Harvard Yale Yale 1945 75 NO source
LSU LSU Ole Miss Ole Miss 1945 75 YES source
Miami (OH) Miami (OH) Ohio Ohio 1945 75 NO source
Michigan Michigan Michigan State Michigan State 1945 75 NO source
Oregon Oregon Oregon State Oregon State 1945 75 NO source
Princeton Princeton Yale Yale 1945 75 NO source
Tennessee Tennessee Vanderbilt Vanderbilt 1945 75 YES source
Washington Washington Washington State Washington State 1945 75 NO source
Arizona Arizona Arizona State Arizona State 1946 74 NO source
Brown Brown Princeton Princeton 1946 74 NO source
California California Stanford Stanford 1946 74 NO source
Colorado State Colorado State Wyoming Wyoming 1946 74 NO source
Dartmouth Dartmouth Harvard Harvard 1946 74 NO source
Harvard Harvard Princeton Princeton 1946 74 NO source
Montana Montana Montana State Montana State 1946 74 NO source
New Hampshire New Hampshire Maine Maine 1946 74 NO source
New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico State New Mexico State 1946 74 NO source
North Dakota State North Dakota State South Dakota State South Dakota State 1946 74 NO source
Notre Dame Notre Dame Southern California USC 1946 74 NO source
Sam Houston State Sam Houston State Stephen F. Austin Stephen F. Austin 1946 74 NO source
Southern California USC Stanford Stanford 1946 74 NO source
Albany State Albany State Fort Valley State Fort Valley State 1947 73 NO source
Alabama Alabama Auburn Auburn 1948 72 YES source
Bowling Green Bowling Green Toledo Toledo 1948 72 NO source
Columbia Columbia Harvard Harvard 1948 72 NO source
Cornell Cornell Yale Yale 1949 71 NO source
Cornell Cornell Princeton Princeton 1949 71 NO source
Brown Brown Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1950 70 NO source
Bucknell Bucknell Lehigh Lehigh 1950 70 NO source
McNeese State McNeese Northwestern State Northwestern State 1951 69 NO source
Columbia Columbia Princeton Princeton 1952 68 NO source
Kentucky Kentucky Vanderbilt Vanderbilt 1953 67 YES source
North Carolina North Carolina NC State NC State 1953 67 YES source
Cornell Cornell Harvard Harvard 1954 66 NO source
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Princeton Princeton 1954 66 NO source
Brown Brown Cornell Cornell 1955 65 NO source
Brown Brown Dartmouth Dartmouth 1955 65 NO source
Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Syracuse Syracuse 1955 65 YES source
Baylor Baylor Texas Tech Texas Tech 1956 64 YES source
Dartmouth Dartmouth Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1956 64 NO source
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Yale Yale 1956 64 NO source
Harvard Harvard Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 1956 64 NO source
Florida Florida Florida State Florida State 1958 62 NO source
Grambling State Grambling Southern Southern 1958 62 NO source
Jackson State Jackson State Southern Southern 1958 62 NO source
Texas Texas Texas Tech Texas Tech 1960 60 YES source
Alabama Alabama LSU LSU 1964 56 YES source
Georgia Georgia Vanderbilt Vanderbilt 1968 52 YES source
Florida State Florida State Miami Miami 1969 51 YES source
Iowa Iowa Iowa State Iowa State 1970 50 NO source
Ole Miss Ole Miss Vanderbilt Vanderbilt 1970 50 YES source
Virginia Virginia Virginia Tech Virginia Tech 1970 50 YES* source
Air Force Air Force Army Army 1971 49 YES source
Clemson Clemson NC State NC State 1971 49 NO source
Florida Florida LSU LSU 1971 49 YES source
Air Force Air Force Navy Navy 1972 48 YES source
*Game currently postponed
So, what does this all mean? I won't do a full re-hash of the chart, but I'll do some highlights and summaries of the important sections below.
As a side note, I kind of arbitrarily chose to end in 1972, but it has some justification that I'll get to later on. Really, though, it was mostly just because I felt like that was a decent stopping point.

Most Common Causes of Breaks Before Covid

So, what was the primary reason that most these consecutive game streaks last came to an end? And will it be beaten out by Covid, assuming Spring 2020 doesn't count/doesn't happen? I didn't do a fully exhaustive search (partly because some stuff was hard to find and partly because I got tired of looking, if we're being honest), but World War II ended the bulk of the streaks on this list, adding up to about 40 of the matches. The other factors aren't particularly close to matching that total, though World War I is probably the next closest, aside from generic scheduling conflicts/choosing not to schedule each other, with about 5 stoppages.
Other common factors included:
Other less common reasons for breaks that I found amusing included:

Implications

Discontinued Games

The teams and conferences that suffer the most from this are exactly who you'd expect it to be. The Ivy League, Big Ten, and Pac-12 are losing the most uninterrupted games, though the Patriot League, the SWAC, and the MAC are also losing some notable matches
By far the most notable game that will not be played this fall will be the LafayetteLafayette LehighLehigh match-up; it will be the first time in 123 years that the game won't be played in the fall. It was last forgone in 1896 due to a dispute over player eligibility; had it not been for that break in relations, The Rivalry would have dated back wholly uninterrupted to the two teams' first meeting in 1884, which would have been good for 136 consecutive years of playing.
The next oldest game not to be played this fall is the MinnesotaMinnesota WisconsinWisconsin game, followed by the ClemsonClemson South CarolinaSouth Carolina game, which has been played continuously since 1909, meaning the 2020 season will be the end of 3 of the longest-running continuous series in all of college football.
Finally, one game I hate to see go is the MorehouseMorehouse TuskegeeTuskegee match, which had previously been played continuously since 1936. I couldn't find a lot about the history of this series online very easily, but it's the longest-running HBCU match I could find. Several other historic HBCU rivalries ended temporarily fairly recently owing to the disbanding of Prairie View A&MPrairie View A&M for the 1990 football season.

Previously Unbroken Series

Unfortunately, Covid is putting an end to a few series which have previously met every year without interruption. Those matches include:

Non-Conference Games That Were Maintained

You've got to give a lot of credit to any ADs who managed to keep non-conference rivalry games going through all this. The only consecutive non-conference rivalry games that will survive undamaged are those belonging to three major service academies. Unfortunately, the Merchant MarinesMerchant Marine and the Coast GuardCoast Guard were not so fortunate, and have canceled their fall season.
The ArmyArmy, NavyNavy, and Air ForceAir Force managed to keep afloat their rivalries which have been played continuously since 1971/72 for the Air Force and since 1930 for the Army and Navy. This was possible only by the work of the Air Force, who, as of right now, will be playing only Army and Navy this fall, though the Mountain West Conference did recently announce a revised schedule which allows for 2 non-conference games, so this could change. Both ArmyArmy and NavyNavy are currently playing full schedules.
This was really the main reason I stopped making my list in 1972. That, and it lets me talk about the Textile Bowl (NC State vs Clemson). I'll discuss that in the following section.

Games Unlikely to Be Rescheduled

Though most of these games are intra-conference games that can be rescheduled in the Spring fairly easily, there are a few notable games that will almost certainly not be. Many of these games include teams who will both be playing this season, but will be playing in different conferences or unable to meet for other reasons. These games include:

Non-Conference Games Which Can (Probably) Be Rescheduled

While Conference games are possible to be scheduled fairly easily, there are a few non-conference games which will probably be resumed this Spring.

Closing

To answer that question I posed earlier (will Covid potentially impact more currently-consecutive football meetings than World War II), the answer is yes. While this is a bit disingenuous to say, since many otherwise-consecutive rivalry games impacted by World War II have stopped playing since the war for other reasons (looking at you, 2010-14 Conference Realignment), Covid will impact 66 otherwise-uninterrupted matches, while 32 will continue on. Of those 66 canceled matches, though, only the 9 listed above (under the are Unlikely to Be Rescheduled section) are, in my view, highly unlikely to be revived in the Spring, while the rest can continue on in the Spring if scheduling and Corona allow.
1 - I would like to find a more concise and formal source, but so far one has evaded me
2 - Several Minnesota-based athletic pages say that the cause was Teddy Roosevelt banning rivalry games in 1906; despite that, the only period explanation I've found for the break in the games was a June 1906 article about a ChicagoChicago MinnesotaMinnesota game scheduled for 1907, which said the 1906 match-up was prevented because "The big nine conference [Big 10 today], in forbidding games which established a western championship, did so on the ground that it brought about an unhealthy rivalry and stirred up improper spirit between the big educational institutions." Though the Big 9 could have chosen to do that because of threats by Roosevelt, the immediate cause was the conference's decision.
3 - Some sources disagree on this: At the time of their first athletic break, then-AD at BGSU said "Frankly, Toledo is too tough for us in football. We feel that we can no longer compete on even terms." However, there have also been references to players having "more trouble avoiding flying fists than avoiding blockers and tacklers" before the series was temporarily canceled as well. For a good write-up of the series, see here
Thanks to u/bullmoose_atx, u/bwburke94, u/drgnlis, and u/Graduation2017 for the corrections so far
submitted by rayef3rw to CFB [link] [comments]


2020.09.04 21:58 mypostingname13 That time a hug got me $1000 and a rental car upgrade instead of 5 days in a crappy motel

Buckle in. This got long.
Several years ago, in the before times, we took a special family vacation. A wealthy family member had just purchased his vacation/retirement home in Colorado, and invited us to come spend 2 weeks over July 4 at the house, along with a few more members of the extended family. Naturally, we jumped all over it. It was April at this point, so flights would be relatively cheap, zero costs for lodging, this is going to be amazing.
There was just one problem. I was a week into a new job when the offer came, and would be wrapping up my 90 day probation period technically a few days into the trip, so after a quick talk with the higher ups, I had my SO book just her and our son. I was tentatively promised SOMETHING, but they couldn't guarantee how much or exactly what dates they could give me that far out, as I technically hadn't earned any PTO yet, my role was new, etc.
A little over a week before the trip, I got called into the VP's office with my direct manager and HR present. Uh oh. This was 2 weeks before my 90 days. This can't be good.
Turned out, I'd crushed my numbers and would have qualified for a pretty nice bonus, had I been eligible to receive it. They gave me an extra 5 days PTO, and let me take the 2 weeks for the vacation instead. Sweet.
I booked the cheapest flight available, on "Apparition," with a 5 hour layover in Vegas going out and a direct flight home the morning after the rest of the fam was scheduled to leave, so I'd have a night to myself in Denver. shrug It cost $1,050, and was hundreds cheaper than any other option. Another $150 for the shuttle from Denver, and I'm $1200 all-in. Fine, I'm getting more than half of it back with my extra PTO.
The first leg of the flight was "fine," I guess. The A/C quit about 30 minutes into the flight, but otherwise it was pretty standard. I'd called a favorite former client of mine who lived in Vegas, and we were to have lunch/drinks during my down time. It's gonna be a good day.
As I'm waiting for my plane to come in, an absolute monsoon hits. In Vegas. I'm serious. In 30 minutes, this little storm dumped over 1/3 of the average annual rainfall on the airport. This caused my notoriously cheap airline to divert the incoming flight to Reno, canceling my flight to Denver.
Crap. After making my way to baggage claim, I get in line to figure out what happens now. The line moves slowly, and the people walking away from the counter do NOT look happy. 2 hours later, it's my turn.
I'm told that the earliest flight is 5 days away, and there's nothing they can do. That poor clerk was DONE with everyone's crap, and was in no mood to go out of her way for anyone at that point, despite my being very polite, though the veil hiding how upset I was had to be pretty damn thin. She offered me a $150ish refund for that leg of the flight or the rebook in 5 days. She said she couldn't get me within 500 miles of Denver any sooner, and was unable to book me leaving from Reno. I had to fly out of Vegas. Being stranded both 1,000 miles from home and where I was supposed to be didn't move the needle. She did offer me a 20% off coupon for a crappy motel, though, so that's something.
I took the rebook and made some calls, canceling my shuttle to the ski town, letting the fam know, giving the corporate customer service number a call to see if we couldn't get creative (we couldn't), etc.
Eventually, I decided to just book a car and drive through the night, so I got back in line.
Another 90 minutes goes by, and there's been a shift change. The new clerk is wearing out FAST. People are PISSED and are just unloading on these poor clerks.
Finally it's my turn again, and I see my clerk's "customer service face" fall away for a moment, revealing sullen emotional fatigue and dying eyes before taking a breath and bring back all the sparkle with her smile as she calls me up.
I stop a few feet away from the counter and spread my arms, saying, "C'mon. I know you need it. Bring it in for the good stuff," which elicited a full blown guffaw until she saw I was serious. She hopped over the baggage scale and gave me a MASSIVE hug that lingered a little bit too long. She needed that, and it visibly recharged her batteries quite a bit.
I filled her in on what had transpired so far, my rental car solution, and let her know that unless she had some creative solution that I hadn't thought of, I just needed to cancel my rebooked flight. After spending a minute looking around in the system, she frowned and told me the earliest she could get me to Denver would be 3 days, which doesn't really help. I thanked her and asked for her to just cancel.
Just then, her whole body lights up, and she asks if I mind waiting while she "tries something." No, of course I don't mind. Try away. As she's tinkering, she casually asks who I'd booked my car through, and she gets even more excited as she says with a wink, "I've got something for you. Hold on."
She picks up the phone and holds it with her shoulder as she's furiously typing away on the computer. "Hey, John, it's Cara. Alex there? I've got something for him. Great. Yeah, Alex. I got a guy for you. Yeah. Good dude. He'll ask for you and drop my name. 20-30 minutes, I'd imagine. Outstanding. Thank you. See you tonight."
Then she smiles and spins her screen to show me my refund. $998. What? How? She'd spent all that time finding the single most expensive 1 way flight in the country, booked me on that, and then refunded it. I was blown away. I gave her another hug and went to go see Alex at the rental desk.
I'd booked a $21 one-way Yaris or similar. I know, STUPID cheap, right? When I get to the counter, I say, "Hi. Cara told me to ask for Alex. Is he around?" Dude enthusiastically calls me over to another computer, gives me an even more enthusiastic handshake, and immediately apologized for needing a minute to pull everything up and get it sorted. Nah man, it's cool. I'm not sure EXACTLY what's happening, but take your time. I'm sure the wait will be worth it.
He asks how I know Cara, so I tell him about the flight being canceled (he nods knowingly), and tell him I gave her a hug before we started talking about business. He grinned at me and said, "Thanks, man. She needed that, I'm sure. Gimme another minute."
Remember how I'd spent $1050 on my flight, gotten $998 back, and paid $21 for the tiniest sedan in the states? Dude put me in a BUICK and threw in satellite radio. Say what you want about the brand, how they handle like a bathtub on wheels and miss the mark on legit luxury, but the seats are comfy AF and it's a dream on the highway.
Sure, I drove through gorgeous country in the dead of night so I saw precisely none of it and I drank so many red bulls that my pee turned such a shade of green that I was afraid to turn out the light before flushing for fear that it would glow in the dark, but the drive was downright pleasant, thanks to Cara's call.
The trip was fantastic. We hiked, we fished, we sat outside and looked at the mountains. We did some other stuff, too, but those were the really good bits.
The flight back was great. Cold A/C, and the credit card swipey thing crapped out towards the end of the flight, so my booze was free.
So, my $1200 round trip ended up costing me less than $200 after another day of a rental car and a cheap motel on the back end, all because I gave a clerk at the service desk a hug.
Edit: Wow. Y'all are too much. Many many thanks for all the awards and kind words. I'm glad I was able to brighten your day. Kindness isn't very hard, and a little clearly goes a long way. Thanks again for all the love! Hugs to all of you.
submitted by mypostingname13 to TalesFromTheCustomer [link] [comments]


2020.09.03 22:16 RachelNorth Time to start thinking about ordering tubers! Suggestions for where to buy dahlia tubers for the 2021 season!

-Swan Island in OR is open for the 2021 ordering season and have 10% off all orders placed through 9/30/20. They also do a free tuber for every $50 spent from a specific bonus list which has some nice varieties on it. They are always very consistent and have dependable, well labeled tubers that always have eyes and always grow into the correct variety in my experience ordering from them. Shipping is free if you spend $75 or more. They are on the more expensive side for tubers but with the discount and bonus tubers it levels the price out a bit and they are excellent quality. They also have a huge selection. https://www.dahlias.com
-Triple Wren Farms in WA opens for dahlia tuber pre-order September 12th. They will announce the 68 varieties they are offering on September 5th (I’m guessing on their website or possibly Instagram.) Tubers in the pre-sale sold out within 24 hrs or so from what I remember last year. They do another online sale later on if you miss the pre-sale. It doesn’t look like they’ve announced what time they’ll open their store for the pre-sale yet. Last year tubers were $8-$10 each and they have a nice variety of ball form, Dinnerplate, waterlily, and some new Bloomquist varieties which are usually pretty expensive. https://www.triplewrenfarms.com/2020/08/24/dahlia-tuber-pre-sale-2020-faq/
-Connells Dahlias in WA hasn’t announced their exact opening date for the 2021 season yet but it will be at the end of September. They have beautiful, high quality tubers and very fair prices. I will try to update when I hear an opening date for sure. Their website isn’t currently open. https://connells-dahlias.com/password
-Dahlias By Julie in WA offers some beautiful, hard to find varieties. They will be opening December for the 2021 season but the date is still TBD. I’ll try to update once it’s listed. https://www.dahliasbyjulie.com
-Arrowhead Dahlias in Colorado has some lovely varieties and they’ve come highly recommended from friends and other dahlia sources. I have never personally ordered from them but likely will this year. Tubers look to mostly be $6-$10 each with a great variety. Last year I believe they opened early December though they don’t look like they’ve announced a date yet for next years tubers. https://www.arrowheaddahlias.com/dahlia-culture.html
-Goldenrod Gardens in NC is a supplier I recently discovered this summer. They have an incredible list of tubers with amazing photos. I have never ordered from them but will be ordering tubers for next year. The official date is TBD but will be in mid-November. Go drool over their incredible photos at https://www.goldenrodgardens.net
-Dahlia Resellers:
-Eden Brothers: open for 2021 tuber sales. Some varieties are sold out. They frequently add new varieties throughout the season. In my experience ordering from them for this growing season their tubers are not reliably labeled and often grow something you didn’t buy. I purchased about 30 tubers from them and at least 1/3 of them had problems with broken necks or were mislabeled. They do have good customer service and will refund you when they make a mistake. Their prices are pretty low and they do have a good selection of tubers, they’re likely a good source if you’re new to dahlia growing and want some bang for your buck. https://www.edenbrothers.com/store/dahlia_bulbs.html
Where do you guys order from? I try to order locally as much as possible and live in WA but am always looking for good suppliers to add to my list!
submitted by RachelNorth to dahlias [link] [comments]


2020.09.03 00:17 KeepItReal-ish The Psychogenic itch

My name is Eliza. I’m 24 years old, and If you asked any of my friends, they would tell you that I’m a tom boy, of sorts. I enjoy skateboarding, playing video games, and the occasional all you can eat buffet. I’m about as normal as normal can get…except for one small detail. I live with a rare condition that my doctor has labeled a psychogenic itch.
Sounds weird right? Well it just gets weirder. I started going to therapy when I was 18 after the loss of my asshole of an ex boyfriend. I know they say that you shouldn’t speak ill of the dead, but fuck him.
My ex was a controlling, manipulative, self centered asshole, and none of these problems had popped up before I met him. In our relationship, when things were great they were just ok and when things were bad, they were awful. One night, a few days after my 18th birthday, my ex and I had been texting and idk what it was. Maybe I had enough, maybe the courage just welled up in that instant. But I told him that I didn’t want to see him anymore and I turned off my phone.
The house that we lived in at the time was an older ranch style house, the type that looks a lot bigger on the inside than on the outside. I made my way out of my room, which was at the back of the house, to the front door, and out onto the porch.
The August air was heavy and sticky. If you know anything about August in the south, specifically Georgia, then you know what I’m dealing with. If not , its 100 degrees and the air makes it feel like you’re attempting to breathe soup through a sponge. I sat down in the old wicker rocker and pulled the small stool with the ashtray on top in between my legs and lit a cigarette. Now that I was 18 I didn’t have to hide the fact that I smoked from my parents and that was what I liked to call, the little victories. I finished my cigarette and left the pack and lighter on that old wicker rocker and made my way back inside to take a shower.
The water was slightly cool and it felt great on my sweat soaked skin, it felt refreshing. Kind of like a snake shedding its old skin and being born anew. I was being reborn, away from him, away from his bullshit….I dried off in the shower, wrapped myself up in a towel, and made my way to my room to throw on some pajamas.
As I was searching through what to wear I decided to turn my phone back on just to see if anyone besides my ex had tried to get in touch with me. I hit the power button and finished putting on my pajamas when my phone dinged.
DING 1 New Message: Mom. “Our date night is running a little long sweetie. Should be back around 2 am. We love you.” Well that’s sweet," I thought to myself. "They don’t have to tell me when they’ll be home, we're all adults here."
DING DING DING 3 New Message(s) Jacob…..I froze, I don’t know what I was expecting. I knew that he wouldn’t just disappear after I had broken up with him. But still, seeing my exes name on my phone turned my blood to ice.
1st message 11:37 pm “ What do you mean you’re breaking up with me?! This isn’t funny Eliza answer the fucking phone, RIGHT NOW!!”
2nd message 11:37 pm “if you don’t answer the phone right now, I swear to God im going to kill myself. Is that what you want? You want me to kill myself? I swear I’m going to do it. Pick up the PHONE.”
3RD message 11:38pm “if I can’t have you, nobody can. So if I’m going to kill myself, you’re coming with me.”
I threw the phone immediately onto my bed, simply out of shock, my mind and body both reeling from what I had just read. I stood in the middle of my room just gawking before the thought came to me. If he’s coming to kill me, I’m at home alone.
I ran directly into the kitchen and grabbed the biggest knife I could get my hands on. I ran back to my room and picked up the phone. I immediately began dialing 911
INCOMING CALL Jacob. I let out an audible gasp as I read the words over and over again. My mind was racing. Was he here, is he already in the house, is he really going to try to kill me just because we broke up? What the fuck is this guys problem.
Finally the call went to voice-mail and I dialed 911 again, this time getting through. 911 what’s your emergency? Yes ma’am, my name is Eliza, I said hurriedly. My ex boyfriend just sent me messages saying he was going to kill me and then himself. I’m afraid he’s on his way or already here. Can you please send someone to 4239 Willowark rd. PLEASE?!!
Please calm down Miss, the lady on the other end of the line said. My name is Kristin and I’m here with you. Everything is going to be ok, I have an officer dispatched to your location. They will be there in 10 minutes. Are you armed right now? Kristin asked. Yes ma’am, I replied. I have a kitchen knife just in case. But its all I have. Ma’am, is your front door locked? I stared blankly for a moment. I rolled the question over in my head, but for the life of me I could not remember. I don’t know, I replied. I don’t remember if I locked it or not. I’m going to go make sure.
I took the phone down from my ear, took one step towards the door, and just faintly heard Kristin tell me to just stay put, but it was too late. I dropped the knife between my three bottom fingers and my palm, then used my index finger and thumb to turn the doorknob.
I opened the door and looked up in just enough time to see Jacob’s left arm reach forward to grab me. I stumbled backwards and crab walked on the inside of my wrists until my back was against my bed. I used the bed to brace myself and make my way back to my feet quickly. Jacob wasn’t the strongest person but he was lanky, with a hefty reach advantage. 6’1 with greasy jet black hair, sunken eyes, and a sharp jawline. He was wearing a black leather jacket, blue jeans, and combat boots.
I wanted to just…go after him, but if I missed…I was dead. He would wrap me up in his arms and my life would be over. But, as luck would have it, he lunged first. My fight or flight kicked in and I was laser focused. He seemed to move in slow motion, I was prepared. My muscles ached as I watched him reach out for me, screaming to be set in motion, my entire body seemed to vibrate.
He was mid lunge, right hand extended. I side stepped the right and brought the knife down directly at his nose. His other hand shot forward to protect his face and the knife went clean through his palm.
He instinctively jerked backwards and as soon as he did I heard something heavy hit the floor. I looked down and saw his fathers 9mm.
My eyes grew wide and I guess he realized what I had planned so instead of diving for it, he kicked it straight past my legs and against the wall behind me. He extended himself a bit too far with that kick so he ended up on his right knee with his other leg outstretched and I capitalized. I drove the knife clean into his thigh all the way to the hilt and ripped it back out.
Jacob screamed and that’s where I fucked up, I got over confident. I stood straight up as I expected him to keep shouting or clutch the wound like in the movies, but he didn’t. He stabilized himself on that knee, jerked his waist, and used that momentum to take his right hand and hit me, directly in the face, with the back side of his fist.
I don’t know if you’ve ever been almost knocked unconscious, but the world…tilts, for just a second. It’ll be like trying to watch porn on a channel you didn’t have access to. The world itself seems to glitch. You see sparkles and hear a rushing WOOM sound.
I won’t lie to you and tell you that punch didn’t, literally, throw me for a loop. It spun me in almost a complete 360 and with my split second of semi unconsciousness, my body kind of rag dolled and my arms and legs splayed out as I spun like some kind of human tilt-o-whirl. What happened next, I don’t know if its luck, God, or some kind of black out rigor mortis, but I had a vice grip on that kitchen knife still.
Jacob is crawling away towards the opposite wall, towards his dads gun. I panicked and in a rush I jumped on top of him and drove the knife deep into his back. He threw back his elbow hard and howled out in pain. That elbow connected direct with the bridge of my nose and I saw stars. I fell to the floor, on my back, in a heap. My nose hurt and my ears were ringing. I was waiting to hear the heavy scrape of the 9mm being retrieved off of hardwood, but it never came.
I chanced to open my eyes and see that maybe, just maybe, he had bled out on the floor or given up. But no such luck. Both of my eyes, that were already extremely swollen, took forever to adjust. Jacob had turned around and was on both knees just, looming over me. I let him think he had won. He lurched forward, one last time, both hands straight forward together like he meant to strangle me. I put both hands on the knife pulled my head down and shoulders up for some small form of protection. Shot both my arms up, between his, and locked my elbows.
My eyes were closed, but I felt the unmistakable feeling of meat hitting the end of the blade, little to no resistance as I felt something…..pop, and then a weight continuing down on top of me.
I rolled Jacob’s body off to the right and slipped out from under him. I got to my feet and I slowly opened my eyes as far as I could with the swelling….the left eye. There had been little resistance on the blade because I stabbed clean through his left eye. The hilt still just…..sticking out of it. I wanted to vomit. That entire ordeal felt like hours but in reality, likely only lasted about 30 seconds.
My brain was racing, my ears were ringing and my fucking nose HURT. But I was alive. This asshole broke into my house to kill me and I’m fucking ALIVE. I sat back, back against my bed and just sat in silence for a moment. Until I heard my name, quiet. But it was my name. Then I heard it again. Oh shit…Kristin. The dispatcher at 911. She had stayed on the phone through the entire ordeal.
I picked up the phone and told her that I was there. Are you OK ma’am, what happened? She said frantically. My ex boyfriend, he was here, he attacked me…he’s dead. Eliza just stay calm, the officer is 7 minutes away and he is going to come in with the lights and sirens. I’m going to stay on the phone with you until he gets there so you can click I hung up. Kristin was a nice woman but I’m not in the mood to listen to anyone talk directly into my ear for the next 7 minutes. My nose felt like someone brained me with a tire iron and my right cheek was extremely tender. But I’m alive.
The officer got there shortly after I hung up and called my parents. He let them know that I was ok and they got to the house about 30 minutes after that.
I felt bad for ruining their date night but they assured me they’d rather be here. The officer had called an ambulance and EMT's showed up at the house to look me over. I had a broken nose and my cheek had been cut from where the back of his fist connected with my face. My parents told me I should let them take me to the hospital. My mom said she would come along while my dad stayed back and went to check out some hotels seeing as my room would probably become some kind of active crime scene investigation. I was carted into the back of the ambulance and was swept off to the hospital.
2 days, 4 stitches, and a reset nose later and I was ready to leave the hospital and never look back.
At this point in time, looking in the mirror was not something I enjoyed doing. All the way around my nose and eyes were deep purple, black, and yellow bruising. The swelling was down but things still seemed a bit blurry at times, which I was told was normal in my situation.
I packed up my bag, tipped my hat to the nurses station and hopped in the back of moms car to head back home. The ride back to the house was uneventful. Bright light hurt and gave me a headache so I rode the entire way with my seat back and my eyes closed. I’ve lived in this town for 18 years. I had an ongoing map of this place in my head. I knew every single twist and turn. So I knew when I heard my mom say, what the fuck, while we were coming up on our driveway.
Something was wrong. I sat my seat up and opened my eyes, standing on the porch was my dad and two police officers. The officers looked a bit worried and my dad looked absolutely dumbstruck. As we pulled into the driveway the officers gave my dad a nod, and made their way back to their patrol car. They left our driveway in a hurry and mom asked dad what was going on as soon as she stepped out. He just shook his head and made his way back inside.
"Honey, go to your room." my mom said. As soon as the words got out she froze and looked at me sympathetically.
"Don’t worry mom, ill be fine." I said. "I’m a big girl…."
I made my way to my room and stopped right in the doorway. I looked over everything…clean and pristine. You would never know that I stabbed a man to death in here just a few days ago.
I dropped my bag down on the floor and collapsed face first onto my bed. I took a deep breath in and could hear the muffled sounds of my parents , slightly heated, conversation. What are they arguing about, what did those officers want, what weren’t they telling me, are they going to try to lock me up, do they think I did this on purpose? My head began to swim and lash out. Panic set in and I felt my body fall back into that fight or flight. My breathing got short, my muscles ached to evade this invisible threat, and my body felt like it was vibrating. But there was no attacker to fend off, nothing to run from, I’m trapped in this state, and I cant fucking move. All the while my brain is an absolute whirlwind. I cant form clear sentences, I cant think straight…am I dying? BOOM, that thought flew into my mind and I began to hyperventilate. The room felt smaller and smaller and I lost consciousness.
I came to in the back seat of my dads truck. The speedometer read 97 MPH. "Dad, what’s going on?" I choked out. He snapped his head back quickly to see me moving and his eyes were wide with panic.
"Eliza, holy shit, you’re ok, thank Christ. What’s my name, can you tell me what year it is, did you have a stroke, are you ok?" I blinked my eyes a few times and just let out a long sigh. I felt the trucks speed slow down and after a few more minutes we were back at the hospital. A 3 hour wait later and the doctor told my dad that I had a panic attack. A fucking panic attack.
I climbed into the front seat of my dads truck and laid my head against the window. He was quiet and I let out another sigh and told him that I was sorry. That I didn’t mean to scare anyone. He told me its nothing to feel sorry for and to not think twice about it, but I did.
Intrusive thoughts flooded my brain about how mad he was at me and how stupid he thought I was. How weak he must think his daughter is…and with those thoughts, came my first case of the psychogenic itch. It started out at the bend in my arm and eventually spread into my forearm, hand, and even between my fingers. Nothing I used helped and I noticed that the more I thought about, the worse it got. That was my very first experience with the itching and shortly after, my parents got me into therapy. With the help of some medications prescribed by my therapist and the introduction to yoga I was able to live a relatively normal life.
That was six years ago. I’ve been doing yoga now for those 6 years and taking my medication regularly. They have, however, lowered my dosage. I’ve been getting out more, exercising , and spending time in nature.
My therapist said it would be good for me. But she was right about one thing. Trees we’re really good for me.
I work at a nice little dispensary in the mountains of Colorado known to the locals as, The Hot Box. My dad got a promotion at work and he figured, why not move the family 1400 miles away from bad memories? Understandable I figure, but here I am just standing behind the counter, minding my own business when the intrusive thoughts began. Oh lord what if we start itching at work and everyone thinks we’re on some hard-core drugs? Will we get fired? Will people make up rumors?! The itch immediately flares up. Its dead in the center of my left hand and it’s agonizing. I scratch at the top of my hand, peering around to make sure there are no customers or staff just watching me at that moment, and there’s no one.
The top of my hand yields no relief so I get to work on the inside of my palm. Exact same story, zero relief. The top of the counter where the register sits is made out of an old rough wood. I’m standing behind the service counter with full view of the shop out ahead of me.
I lay the side of my fist into that countertop and start to drag it back and forth hoping that the wood would do better than my fingernails. Back and forth, back and forth, nothing. Zero relief. I lay my palm flat and repeat the same motion, nothing. The back side of my hand, nothing. At this point its only been 5 minutes and I already feel like I’m going insane. Luckily my shift was over in another 10, so I just steeled myself to endure the next ten minutes……..It……..was……..excruciating.
You know what its like to have an itch you just can’t hit? Its everlasting, it will not go away and it is driving me up the fucking wall. When my ten minutes were up I ran to the time clock, out the front door, and to my moms old car that she had gifted me on my 21st birthday. I turned the key and the engine roared to life.
Our new home is a beautiful 2 story cabin that we moved into right after I turned 20 and we left Georgia. Dad figured the family could also use a fresh start. But right now I was on the backroads home hitting 70 in a 45 all because I couldn’t stop, what felt like, a hatched colony of ants pricking around inside my hand. 2 minutes away from the house I hit a red light and the itch surged when I came to a stop.
I screamed out in frustration, gripped my left hand around the top of the steering wheel and just started raining punches into the back of my hand. I couldn’t stop, every time a punch landed I told myself the next one would do it. The next time I landed a punch it would stop. But it didn’t. I continued throwing punches until the light turned green and as soon as it did I stomped the gas.
I pulled into the garage, turned off the car, and bolted upstairs. I didn’t know what I was going to do but I just felt the need to get to my room. I’m mid panic looking for something, anything at all. My eyes are darting from one side of my room to the other. “There’s the bookshelf we've been building.” the intrusive thoughts began again. My eyes locked onto the bookshelf and the hammer was right where I left it the week prior. I dashed for the hammer and before I knew it my hand was on the table and the hammer was up over my head.
My breathing was labored and rapid, there was sweat in my eyes and there was a bit of self preservation left telling me that this was an awful idea. But I had to get it to stop, I HAD TO. I brought the hammer down on the back of my hand at about half strength, it was a tease. My punches did more. I brought it down a second time, harder this time and I felt a tickle in that spot. I felt it, I can get there. Holy mother of God, sweet relief. I brought the hammer back up, I screamed into the back of my clenched teeth and brought it down as hard as I could right in the center. Fireworks went off in front of my eyes. A searing pain and a resounding CRACK I felt the bones in the back of my hand splinter and break, but those bones also hit the spot.
The pain was immediately replaced by a feeling of sweet euphoria. I didn’t want it to stop. I threw my right hand on top of my left and started moving it in a circle so the splintered bones could dig into that sweet spot. Involuntarily, I jut out my lower jaw and opened my mouth wide, I squeezed my eyes shut, and my toes spread as far apart as possible then curled. This lasted for about 10 seconds before I fell backwards onto my back, breathing heavily and all the pain and realization of what I had just done came flooding back. My hand felt like I had just dumped it in a vat of acid and I just started screaming………hyperventilating. I screamed and screamed until I finally passed out.
When I woke up I had no clue how much time had passed. All I knew was that my hand was on fire and I needed a doctor. I ran back outside and flung open my car door, I sat down in the driver’s seat and realized I had left my car keys in my room. I slammed my door and screamed in frustration, just as my dad was pulling up. "Honey what’s wrong?" he asked. Staring at me wild eyed and concerned.
"I….I slammed my hand in the door by accident, don’t ask me how I pulled this off but I’m sure its broken."
The lie came easily, much easier than usual. "Get in the truck dear, ill run you to the E.R."
He sounded worried as he spoke but I couldn’t think of anything other than the pain shooting through my hand.
I was looked at by a doctor immediately. I’d broken 3 metacarpal bones…..awesome. The doctor gave me a few funny looks when I gave him my story but he didn’t ask anything further. At this point I’m just hoping he’s not suspecting my father of something he didn’t do. My hand was reset and put into a cast. I was given a prescription for pain medication and sent on my way.
The ride home was quiet, I spent the time watching the light posts flick by while I fell in and out of consciousness. I woke up long enough to wave at Martha, the woman that’s run Brookson's pharmacy for the past 2 decades, and fell right back asleep.
When I finally woke up I was in my room, in my own bed. The hammer was back where I had it the week before on my DIY bookshelf project. The digital clock on my nightstand read 7:45 am. "FUCK, I’m supposed to be at work at 8." I yelled
I launched out of bed and towards my bedroom door. I paused when I saw a note there. A note? On my door? Who is it from? Why would they not text me? I always have my phone on me, who the hell leaves notes anymore. My vision began to blur and I felt my body start to vibrate. Deep breath Eliza, in through your nose, deep inhale out through your mouth deep exhale again…..again….again. Calm your thoughts. Everything is going to be fine. You are in charge here.
I dropped my shoulders and shook off the tension. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn’t. This time, I was lucky. I looked at the note pinned to my door. “Eliza, I spoke with your manager and told him what was going on. He said for you to take a few days off and just return to work when you feel ready. Breakfast is in the fridge. Love, Dad.”
I put my non broken hand over my face and sighed into it. I almost panicked over time off and breakfast.
I walked down stairs to the fridge and pulled out eggs, bacon, and pancakes, score. Then after a quick trip to the microwave I was full and happy. After my episode in my room I figured a little bit of yoga and meditation wouldn’t work so I plopped down in the living room, popped in my yoga DVD, and gave an hour of my time to clearing my mind and stretching out my limbs. After it was over I grabbed my pillow from the arm chair, sat it against the wall, took a seat, and crossed my legs. Hands on my knees, back straight, head level, clear my mind……
The thought rang out in my head like a gunshot. “how much money did we just cost mom and dad with that little stunt? Oh my hand itches, boom, hospital. What a fucking joke.”
My body froze….I stared straight ahead and balled my good hand into an awkward fist. "A Hammer?? Really?! A hammer?? To scratch an itch?? I’m SO glad we didn’t go to college because that would have obviously been an exercise in futility."
Ok deep breath, Eli….El…what is my fucking name?! My breathing became rapid and I started to panic. The thoughts came again, quick and condescending. “You know you have to breathe deep, that rapid breathing keeps you in fight or flight. Full deep breaths, you’re depriving your brain of oxygen, you’re going to pass out.”
I threw my head back against the wall and gasped in a large breath. It wasn’t very technical but it was working, I sat there gasping like a fish out of water for what felt like hours. But finally I regained control of my body and after about 5 minutes I was fully functioning again. Absent minded I wiped my eyes and realized I must have been crying.
"God that was bad." I said to nobody in particular, when I felt that familiar sensation buried deep in my left thigh. It itches, and it itches bad.
"NOOO, please noo. I cant take this shit anymore! Why me?!"
I broke out into heavy sobs while the feeling in my thigh just intensified. It graduated from an itch to the feeling of a tarantula crawling in circles inside the muscle. I could feel every leg, every individual hair on each individual leg. I started to claw at it with my good hand, but I was getting nowhere fast. Tried slamming my fist down into my thigh and nothing. I don’t even know why I tried, I know what this shit wants. It wants me to mutilate myself for the relief. But I run this show, I just need to get this under control and it will go away. I crossed my legs, straightened my back, and tried to will away this phantom itch…..
Seventeen minutes, seventeen minutes I sat in complete agony attempting to take control of my mind and for seventeen minutes I failed. My entire body was sweating and the itch had done nothing but grow in strength. I stood up.
I paced slowly into the garage. I was trying desperately to block out the pain, and it felt like I was just being led on by a string, my body on auto pilot. I grabbed a kitchen towel as I passed the dining room table and through the door into the garage. I walked up to his workbench and pulled my dads Ryobi nail gun from the top shelf. I stared at it as I turned it over in my hand. I took up the kitchen towel and put it in my mouth, the itch in my thigh flaring up like it knows what’s about to happen.
Like that feeling you get when you have to pee. Once you see the toilet that feeling starts to get worse. Like that, but horrible.. I pressed the tip of the nail gun to my thigh and bit down hard on the towel…..
Silence, all except for the high pitched whine in my ears from the force of my jaw……
Thoop I pulled the trigger. The nail shot out and pierced deep into my thigh. Splashes of color whizzed by as I forced my eyes shut. Then again, euphoria. I dropped the nail gun and threw back my head. I let out a long note that sounded more like a growl and wiped my face from forehead to chin. I didn’t want it to end. But it did. The feeling came to a screeching halt and was replaced by pain. Searing fucking pain.
The nail embedded itself about halfway into the meat in my leg.
My dad has an old, shitty, nail gun, but it did the trick. I got a set of pliers, yanked out the nail, threw on some liquid band aid, some gauze, a wrap, and set on about my business. I know, I know, stop the bleeding, tetanus, I don’t fucking care right now. I made my way to my car and drove away from the house.
I drove around with the searing pain in my leg, no use of my broken hand, and a head full of questions. I found myself pulling into the hotbox just out of habit. Good idea, Eliza. I thought to myself.
I got out, headed inside and knew exactly where I was headed. 5 pack joints, pre rolled with "an urban legend." The most powerful strain to ever hit our store. I was going to smoke one of these, take one of my pain killers for this hand, and pretend that I’m warm syrup filling each individual hole of the world’s largest Belgian waffle.
I walk up to the counter to pay and I’m greeted by Cassandra, or Cassie, if you’re friendly. She gave me a look of pity and asked how I was doing. "Rough" I told her, "but not for long." I shook my 5 pack and handed it to her.
She rang me up, asked me to please be careful, and I was out the door.
Back in my car I turned up the radio to keep myself from thinking and just sang along with everything that played. When I pulled into my driveway I sat in the car for a few moments just staring straight ahead. I took a deep breath, opened the door and made my way back inside the house, making sure to avoid the garage.
I poured myself a glass of tea and made for the front door. I sat outside on the front porch, sat down in that wicker rocker, pulled the stool with the ashtray between my legs and lit up. As I smoked I sat back and thought to myself.
You know what I like more about August in Colorado? The air is crisp, its not assaulting and humid like August in Georgia.
“Remember the last time we sat in this chair in Georgia? We killed a man that loved us so much he was willing to die for us.”
My blood ran cold, but my breathing didn’t change, I was alert, I was paying attention, and for the first time I realized it. What the fuck took me so long to realize it?! So I asked, “who is we?” I felt lightning run across the inside of my head.
Tiny sparks spreading across the length of my brain as if something was smiling. No, I’m going crazy, its intrusive thoughts, my therapist said they were intrusive thoughts. The call of the void, its normal.
“Our situation is far from normal my dear, Eliza.” My eyes went wide, the voice I heard sounded familiar now, very familiar. J-Jacob? I sputtered out.
As soon as I said that name an itch exploded in the center of my back, just to the right of my spine. I shot out of the rocker and slammed my back into the siding if the house.
“Do you remember, Eliza? Do you remember how you stabbed me? In my left hand, in my left thigh, in my back, just to the right of my spine?! Do you remember how you reveled in it?! How strong it made you feel?!” His voice was echoing like thunder inside my head. It felt like if he kept talking it would just split in two.
I fumbled with my phone and was finally able to get it out of my pocket. I dialed 911 and put it on speaker phone. “911 what’s your emergency?” someone’s breaking into my house, please help me! Jacobs voice laughed in my head and my back felt like something was trying to claw its way out. The itch was more than unbearable.
I couldn’t think straight. I ran shoulder first into my front door and without the deadbolt I crashed straight through it. I stumbled through the living room and into the kitchen, straight to the kitchen counter.
Jacobs laughter was so loud, it reverberated inside my skull. My vision blurred and I swatted around for the knife block. I pulled a knife from the block and positioned myself with my back to the kitchen wall. I held the knife behind my back with the blade hovering just to the right of my spine. I clenched my eyes shut and thrust my back directly into the point of the blade. I screamed in agony but no relief came. The itch surged, I stood straight back up tears streaming from my face and thrust my back into the wall once more, driving the blade deeper.
Color wheel….like an artist hurling pastels at a black canvas I saw them all. Relief washed out over my body like a waterfall. It ran from the middle of my back, to my head, to the tips of my fingers and toes. Jacobs voice spoke softly into my ear. “isn’t the pain……exquisite?”
I woke up back in the hospital to a doctor explaining to my mom that the stab wound that I had received collapsed one of my lungs. He explained that, when the police got there, they saw me, unconscious, and my dad standing over my body.
How they had taken my dad into custody and I was brought here via ambulance. How I spent 4 hours in surgery, and the surgeons had placed tubes in my chest to drain the fluid build up. My mom was the first to notice me come to consciousness. The doctor quickly moved her aside, checked my vitals and my pupil reaction. Asked me how I was feeling, and after a few other tests, he allowed me and my mom a few minutes of privacy.
My mom immediately asked if my father was to blame….i shook my head no. My chest and throat were on fire so I mimed myself writing on a notepad and my mom gave me one, and a pen from her purse. I wrote, “was there anything weird about Jacob?”
"Oh honey" my mom said. "He was just a-"
I shook my head to cut her off. I pointed at the notepad aggressively. She looked sad and just said, “ no dear.”
I pointed at the notepad over and over and over again, shaking my head as hard as I could.
"Ok, honey ok. Please stop, please. You’ll pull something out." There was a long silence as she pondered over my question. "When the police found Jacobs body, they said they found his entire torso covered in carvings, words. They had no idea what they were because it was a different language. The coroner told the officers it was Latin. The officers didn’t know if you guys had been delving into witchcraft or the occult so they figured they’d tell your father just to keep an eye on you."
My mom continued to talk but I was no longer listening. My brain was racing 100 miles a minute. Latin? Carvings? His entire Torso? Was this his plan all along? Did he want me to kill him? Was he really ever in my head? Am I just fucking crazy? All these questions and I didn’t know ANYTHING!! The only thing I knew was in the midst of this panic that itch set in again….and its deep in the back of my left eye.
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2020.09.02 19:22 Rent_Throwaway_600 Can I be held responsible for my roommate's rent in this case?

I've lived at my current place in Colorado from August 2019-July 2020 and I just renewed the lease for another year. About a month after I moved in, another person came in and took one of the other open rooms. He's not my friend or anything; we talk maybe once a month.
For the first year, our landlord lived in the basement, so I would hand him a check for the rent and utilities every month. He recently moved out, so now payments go through apartments.com. I set up auto payments of $600 for the last day of every month so I won't be late. On the website, the total payment is $1200, which is $600 each between me and the other roommate. The issue is that even if I pay, I'll still get hit with a late fee if my roommate doesn't pay, which just happened this month. There was a $30 late fee added to the total amount on the account this morning, and I think it's $30 for every day that the rent is late. I brought this up with my landlord, and he said that since the two of us are signed together on the lease, we are both responsible for whatever fees and rent that are due by the due date.
Unfortunately, he's right that both our names are signed together on the same lease which is my fault for not asking for my own lease. However, the lease says that "each Tenant shall pay the Landlord in equal monthly installments of $600.00 (US Dollars) hereinafter known as the 'Rent.'" To me, that seems like as long as I pay my $600 every month, I can't be held responsible for more than that. It's not like it says that we're responsible for $1200 together. Again, I don't know my roommate, and I can't make him pay. I certainly can't cover his rent, and I can't afford these late fees. Do I have any legal grounds to just say "no, I'm not going to pay these late fees because I paid my rent on time."

Here's the lease in its entirety with any identifying information modified:
This Agreement, dated August 3rd 2020, by and between an individual known as [landlord] of [address], hereinafter known as the "Landlord",
AND
The individuals known as [me] and [roommate], hereinafter known as the "Tenant(s)", agree to the following:
OCCUPANT(S): The Premises is to be occupied strictly as a residential dwelling with the following Two (2) Occupants to reside on the Premises in addition to the Tenant(s) mentioned above: ______________ and , hereinafter known as the "Occupant(s)".
OFFER TO RENT: The Landlord hereby rents to the Tenant(s), subject to the following terms and conditions of this Agreement, Townhouse with the address of [address] consisting of 1.5 bathroom(s) and 2 bedroom(s) hereinafter known as the "Premises". The Landlord may also use the address for notices sent to the Tenant(s).
PURPOSE: The Tenant(s) and any Occupant(s) may only use the Premises as a residential dwelling. It may not be used for storage, manufacturing of any type of food or product, professional service(s), or for any commercial use unless otherwise stated in this Agreement.
FURNISHINGS: The Premises is furnished with the following:
Kitchen Set (Including Pots, Pans, Glasses, Mugs, Dishes, etc.), Living Room Set(s) and all other furnishings to be provided by the Tenant(s). Any damage to the Landlord's furnishings shall be the liability of the Tenant(s), reasonable wear-and-tear excepted, to be billed directly or less the Security Deposit.
APPLIANCES: The Landlord shall provide the following appliances:
Dishwasher, Dryer (for Laundry), Fan(s), Hot Water Heater, Microwave, Outdoor Grill, Oven(s), Refrigerator, Stove(s), Television(s), Washer (for Laundry), and Baseboard heat and all other appliances to be provided by the Tenant(s). Any damage to the Landlord's appliances shall be the liability of the Tenant(s), reasonable wear-and-tear excepted, to be billed directly or less the Security Deposit.
LEASE TERM: This Agreement shall be a fixed-period arrangement beginning on July 31st 2020 and ending on July 31st 2021 with the Tenant(s) being required to move-out at the end of the Lease Term if a new Lease Agreement is not authorized. Hereinafter known as the "Lease Term".
RENT: Each Tenant shall pay the Landlord in equal monthly installments of $600.00 (US Dollars) hereinafter known as the "Rent". The Rent will be due on the Twentieth (20th) of every month and be paid via the following instructions:
Payment in Cash/Check/Zelle/Cozy.co. Rent will be due on the 20th of each month with a Grace period given until the First of the next month (eg. if rent is Due August 20th, it must be paid on or before the 1st of September of late fees will begin).
NON-SUFFICIENT FUNDS (NSF CHECKS): If the Tenant(s) attempts to pay the rent with a check that is not honored or an electronic transaction (ACH) due to insufficient funds (NSF) there shall be a fee of $35.00 (US Dollars).
LATE FEE: If rent is not paid on the due date, there shall be a late fee assessed by the Landlord in the amount of:
Calculated as 5% percent of the monthly rent for every day the rent is late after the 1st Day rent is due.
FIRST (1ST) MONTH'S RENT: First (1st) month's rent shall be due by the Tenant(s) upon the execution of this Agreement.
PRE-PAYMENT: The Landlord shall not require any pre-payment of rent by the Tenant(s).
PRORATION PERIOD: The Tenant(s) will move into the Premises before the start of the Lease Term under the following terms:
SECURITY DEPOSIT: A Security Deposit in the amount of $600.00 (US Dollars) shall be required by the Tenant(s) at the execution of this Agreement to the Landlord for the faithful performance of all the terms and conditions. The Security Deposit is to be returned to the Tenant(s) within 30 days after this Agreement has terminated, less any damage charges and without interest. This Security Deposit shall not be credited towards rent unless the Landlord gives their written consent. THIS IS NOT VALID FOR THE RENEWAL.
POSSESSION: Tenant(s) has examined the condition of the Premises and by taking possession acknowledges that they have accepted the Premises in good order and in its current condition except as herein otherwise stated. Failure of the Landlord to deliver possession of the Premises at the start of the Lease Term to the Tenant(s) shall terminate this Agreement at the option of the Tenant(s). Furthermore, under such failure to deliver possession by the Landlord, and if the Tenant(s) cancels this Agreement, the Security Deposit (if any) shall be returned to the Tenant(s) along with any other pre-paid rent, fees, including if the Tenant(s) paid a fee during the application process before the execution of this Agreement.
ACCESS: Upon the beginning of the Proration Period or the start of the Lease Term, whichever is earlier, the Landlord agrees to give access to the Tenant(s) in the form of keys, fobs, cards, or any type of keyless security entry as needed to enter the common areas and the Premises. Duplicate copies of the access provided may only be authorized under the consent of the Landlord and, if any replacements are needed, the Landlord may provide them for a fee. At the end of this Agreement all access provided to the Tenant(s) shall be returned to the Landlord or a fee will be charged to the Tenant(s) or the fee will be subtracted from the Security Deposit.
MOVE-IN INSPECTION: Before, at the time of the Tenant(s) accepting possession, or shortly thereafter, the Landlord and Tenant(s) shall perform an inspection documenting the present condition of all appliances, fixtures, furniture, and any existing damage within the Premises.
SUBLETTING: The Tenant(s) shall not have the right to sub-let the Premises or any part thereof without the prior written consent of the Landlord. If consent is granted by the Landlord, the Tenant(s) will be responsible for all actions and liabilities of the Sublessee including but not limited to: damage to the Premises, non-payment of rent, and any eviction process (In the event of an eviction the Tenant(s) shall be responsible for all court filing fee(s), representation, and any other fee(s) associated with removing the Sublessee). The consent by the Landlord to one sub-let shall not be deemed to be consent to any subsequent subletting.
ABANDONMENT: If the Tenant(s) vacates or abandons the property for a time-period that is the minimum set by State law or seven (7) days, whichever is less, the Landlord shall have the right to terminate this Agreement immediately and remove all belongings including any personal property off of the Premises. If the Tenant(s) vacates or abandons the property, the Landlord shall immediately have the right to terminate this Agreement.
ASSIGNMENT: Tenant(s) shall not assign this Lease without the prior written consent of the Landlord. The consent by the Landlord to one assignment shall not be deemed to be consent to any subsequent assignment.
PARKING: The Landlord shall provide the Tenant(s) Parking Spaces, first come first serve.
The Landlord shall not charge a fee for the 1 Parking Space. The Parking Space(s) can be described as: Space "6" located in front of the property under the car port.
RIGHT OF ENTRY: The Landlord shall have the right to enter the Premises during normal working hours by providing notice in accordance with the minimum State requirement in order for inspection, make necessary repairs, alterations or improvements, to supply services as agreed or for any reasonable purpose. The Landlord may exhibit the Premises to prospective purchasers, mortgagees, or lessees upon reasonable notice.
SALE OF PROPERTY: If the Premises is sold, the Tenant(s) is to be notified of the new Owner, and if there is a new Manager, their contact details for repairs and maintenance shall be forwarded. If the Premises is conveyed to another party, the new owner shall have the right to terminate this Agreement.
The new owner shall have the right to terminate ONLY after providing at least 30 days' notice to the Tenant(s).
UTILITIES: The Landlord agrees to pay for the following utilities and services:
HOA and associated costs with HOA. All other utilities will be the tenants responsibility.
MAINTENANCE, REPAIRS, OR ALTERATIONS: The Tenant(s) shall, at their own expense and at all times, maintain premises in a clean and sanitary manner, and shall surrender the same at termination hereof, in as good condition as received, normal wear and tear excepted. The Tenant(s) may not make any alterations to the leased premises without the consent in writing of the Landlord. The Landlord shall be responsible for repairs to the interior and exterior of the building. If the Premises includes a washer, dryer, freezer, dehumidifier unit and/or air conditioning unit, the Landlord makes no warranty as to the repair or replacement of units if one or all shall fail to operate. The Landlord will place fresh batteries in all battery-operated smoke detectors when the Tenant(s) moves into the premises. After the initial placement of the fresh batteries it is the responsibility of the Tenant(s) to replace batteries when needed. A monthly "cursory" inspection may be required for all fire extinguishers to make sure they are fully charged.
EARLY TERMINATION: The Tenant(s) may not be able to cancel this Agreement unless the Tenant is a victim of Domestic Violence, in such case, the Tenant may be able to cancel in accordance with any local, state, or federal laws.
PETS: The Tenant(s) shall not be allowed to have pets on the Premises or common areas except those that are necessary for individuals with disabilities.
NOISE/WASTE: The Tenant(s) agrees not to commit waste on the premises, maintain, or permit to be maintained, a nuisance thereon, or use, or permit the premises to be used, in an unlawful manner. The Tenant(s) further agrees to abide by any and all local, county, and State noise ordinances.
GUESTS: There shall be no other persons living on the Premises other than the Tenant(s) and any Occupant(s). Guests of the Tenant(s) are allowed for periods not lasting for more than forty-eight hours unless otherwise approved by the Landlord.
SMOKING POLICY: Smoking on the Premises is prohibited on the entire property, including individual units, common areas, every building and adjoining properties.
COMPLIANCE WITH LAW: The Tenant(s) agrees that during the term of the Agreement, to promptly comply with any present and future laws, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations, and requirements of the Federal, State, County, City, and Municipal government or any of their departments, bureaus, boards, commissions and officials thereof with respect to the premises, or the use or occupancy thereof, whether said compliance shall be ordered or directed to or against the Tenant(s), the Landlord, or both.
DEFAULT: If the Tenant(s) fails to comply with any of the financial or material provisions of this Agreement, or of any present rules and regulations or any that may be hereafter prescribed by the Landlord, or materially fails to comply with any duties imposed on the Tenant(s) by statute or State laws, within the time period after delivery of written notice by the Landlord specifying the non-compliance and indicating the intention of the Landlord to terminate the Agreement by reason thereof, the Landlord may terminate this Agreement. If the Tenant(s) fails to pay rent when due and the default continues for the time-period specified in the written notice thereafter, the Landlord may, at their option, declare the entire balance (compiling all months applicable to this Agreement) of rent payable hereunder to be immediately due and payable and may exercise any and all rights and remedies available to the Landlord at law or in equity and may immediately terminate this Agreement.
The Tenant(s) will be in default if: (a) Tenant(s) does not pay rent or other amounts that are owed in accordance with respective State laws; (b) Tenant(s), their guests, or the Occupant(s) violate this Agreement, rules, or fire, safety, health, or criminal laws, regardless of whether arrest or conviction occurs; (c) Tenant(s) abandons the Premises; (d) Tenant(s) gives incorrect or false information in the rental application; (e) Tenant(s), or any Occupant(s) is arrested, convicted, or given deferred adjudication for a criminal offense involving actual or potential physical harm to a person, or involving possession, manufacture, or delivery of a controlled substance, marijuana, or drug paraphernalia under state statute; (f) any illegal drugs or paraphernalia are found in the Premises or on the person of the Tenant(s), guests, or Occupant(s) while on the Premises and/or; (g) as otherwise allowed by law.
MULTIPLE TENANT(S) OR OCCUPANT(S): Each individual that is considered a Tenant(s) is jointly and individually liable for all of this Agreement's obligations, including but not limited to rent monies. If any Tenant(s), guest, or Occupant(s) violates this Agreement, the Tenant(s) is considered to have violated this Agreement. Landlord’s requests and notices to the Tenant(s) or any of the Occupant(s) of legal age constitutes notice to the Tenant(s). Notices and requests from the Tenant(s) or any one of the Occupant(s) (including repair requests and entry permissions) constitutes notice from the Tenant(s). In eviction suits, the Tenant(s) is considered the agent of the Premise for the service of process.
DISPUTES: If a dispute arises during or after the term of this Agreement between the Landlord and Tenant(s), they shall agree to hold negotiations amongst themselves, in "good faith", before any litigation.
SEVERABILITY: If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof shall, for any reason and to any extent, be invalid or unenforceable, neither the remainder of this Agreement nor the application of the provision to other persons, entities or circumstances shall be affected thereby, but instead shall be enforced to the maximum extent permitted by law.
SURRENDER OF PREMISES: The Tenant(s) has surrendered the Premises when (a) the move-out date has passed and no one is living in the Premise within the Landlord’s reasonable judgment; or (b) Access to the Premise have been turned in to Landlord – whichever comes first. Upon the expiration of the term hereof, the Tenant(s) shall surrender the Premise in better or equal condition as it were at the commencement of this Agreement, reasonable use, wear and tear thereof, and damages by the elements excepted.
RETALIATION: The Landlord is prohibited from making any type of retaliatory acts against the Tenant(s) including but not limited to restricting access to the Premises, decreasing or cancelling services or utilities, failure to repair appliances or fixtures, or any other type of act that could be considered unjustified.
WAIVER: A Waiver by the Landlord for a breach of any covenant or duty by the Tenant(s), under this Agreement is not a waiver for a breach of any other covenant or duty by the Tenant(s), or of any subsequent breach of the same covenant or duty. No provision of this Agreement shall be considered waived unless such a waiver shall be expressed in writing as a formal amendment to this Agreement and executed by the Tenant(s) and Landlord.
EQUAL HOUSING: If the Tenant(s) possess(es) any mental or physical impairment, the Landlord shall provide reasonable modifications to the Premises unless the modifications would be too difficult or expensive for the Landlord to provide. Any impairment of the Tenant(s) is/are encouraged to be provided and presented to the Landlord in writing in order to seek the most appropriate route for providing the modifications to the Premises.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS: The Tenant(s) agrees to not possess any type of personal property that could be considered a fire hazard such as a substance having flammable or explosive characteristics on the Premises. Items that are prohibited to be brought into the Premises, other than for everyday cooking or the need of an appliance, includes but is not limited to gas (compressed), gasoline, fuel, propane, kerosene, motor oil, fireworks, or any other related content in the form of a liquid, solid, or gas.
WATERBEDS: The Tenant(s) is not permitted to furnish the Premises with waterbeds.
INDEMNIFICATION: The Landlord shall not be liable for any damage or injury to the Tenant(s), or any other person, or to any property, occurring on the Premises, or any part thereof, or in common areas thereof, and the Tenant(s) agrees to hold the Landlord harmless from any claims or damages unless caused solely by the Landlord's negligence. It is recommended that renter's insurance be purchased at the Tenant(s)'s expense.
COVENANTS: The covenants and conditions herein contained shall apply to and bind the heirs, legal representatives, and assigns of the parties hereto, and all covenants are to be construed as conditions of this Agreement.
NOTICES: Any notice to be sent by the Landlord or the Tenant(s) to each other shall use the following mailing addresses:
[landord's mailing address]
[our mailing address]
AGENT/MANAGER: The Landlord does not have an Agent or Manager and all contact in regards to any repair, maintenance, or complaint must go through the Landlord through the following contact information:
[landlord's phone number and email]
PREMISES DEEMED UNINHABITABLE: If the Property is deemed uninhabitable due to damage beyond reasonable repair the Tenant(s) will be able to terminate this Agreement by written notice to the Landlord. If said damage was due to the negligence of the Tenant(s), the Tenant(s) shall be liable to the Landlord for all repairs and for the loss of income due to restoring the Premises back to a livable condition in addition to any other losses that can be proved by the Landlord.
SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT: In the event the Tenant(s) is or hereafter becomes, a member of the United States Armed Forces on extended active duty and hereafter the Tenant(s) receives permanent change of station (PCS) orders to depart from the area where the Premises are located, or is relieved from active duty, retires or separates from the military, is ordered into military housing, or receives deployment orders, then in any of these events, the Tenant may terminate this lease upon giving thirty (30) days written notice to the Landlord. The Tenant shall also provide to the Landlord a copy of the official orders or a letter signed by the Tenant’s commanding officer, reflecting the change which warrants termination under this clause. The Tenant will pay prorated rent for any days which he/she occupies the dwelling past the beginning of the rental period.
The damage/security deposit will be promptly returned to Tenant, provided there are no
damages to the Premises.
LEAD PAINT: The Premises was constructed before 1978 and therefore the Lead-Based Paint Disclosure that is attached to this Agreement must be authorized.
GOVERNING LAW: This Agreement is to be governed under the laws located in the State of Colorado.
ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS: In addition to the above stated terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Landlord and Tenant agree to the following: There are two cats on premise, the Landlord is not responsible for any damages caused to personal property by the cats. It is suggested to keep bedroom doors closed at all times. One of the car port spots is reserved for the Landlord, the other will be reserved for [name I don't recognize]. Smoking is not allowed inside of the property, tenants are welcome to smoke outside either in the front or back yards. Tenants MUST give the Landlord 24 hour notice for laundry as it is located in the basement. Laundry must be completed during hours that the Landlord is present (generally from 7am-2pm). Tenants will not have access to the basement with the only exception being laundry (with a 24 hour notice).
ENTIRE AGREEMENT: This Agreement contains all the terms agreed to by the parties relating to its subject matter including any attachments or addendums. This Agreement replaces all previous discussions, understandings, and oral agreements. The Landlord and Tenant(s) agree to the terms and conditions and shall be bound until the end of the Lease Term.
The parties have agreed and executed this agreement on July 31st 2020.
[Landlord's signature]
[my signature]
[roommate's signature]
submitted by Rent_Throwaway_600 to Tenant [link] [comments]


2020.09.02 18:13 Rent_Throwaway_600 [Tenant-US-CO] Can I be held responsible for my roommate's rent in this case?

I've lived at my current place in Colorado from August 2019-July 2020 and I just renewed the lease for another year. About a month after I moved in, another person came in and took one of the other open rooms. He's not my friend or anything; we talk maybe once a month.
For the first year, our landlord lived in the basement, so I would hand him a check for the rent and utilities every month. He recently moved out, so now payments go through apartments.com. I set up auto payments of $600 for the last day of every month so I won't be late. On the website, the total payment is $1200, which is $600 each between me and the other roommate. The issue is that even if I pay, I'll still get hit with a late fee if my roommate doesn't pay, which just happened this month. There was a $30 late fee added to the total amount on the account this morning, and I think it's $30 for everyday that the rent is late. I brought this up with my landlord, and he said that since the two of us are signed together on the lease, we are both responsible for whatever fees and rent that are due by the due date.
Unfortunately, he's right that both our names are signed together on the same lease which is my fault for not asking for my own lease. However, the lease says that "each Tenant shall pay the Landlord in equal monthly installments of $600.00 (US Dollars) hereinafter known as the 'Rent.'" To me, that seems like as long as I pay my $600 every month, I can't be held responsible for more than that. It's not like it says that we're responsible for $1200 together. Again, I don't know my roommate, and I can't make him pay. I certainly can't cover his rent, and I can't afford these late fees. Do I have any legal grounds to just say "no, I'm not going to pay these late fees because I paid my rent on time."

Here's the lease in its entirety with any identifying information modified:
This Agreement, dated August 3rd 2020, by and between an individual known as [landlord] of [address], hereinafter known as the "Landlord",
AND
The individuals known as [me] and [roommate], hereinafter known as the "Tenant(s)", agree to the following:
OCCUPANT(S): The Premises is to be occupied strictly as a residential dwelling with the following Two (2) Occupants to reside on the Premises in addition to the Tenant(s) mentioned above: ______________ and , hereinafter known as the "Occupant(s)".
OFFER TO RENT: The Landlord hereby rents to the Tenant(s), subject to the following terms and conditions of this Agreement, Townhouse with the address of [address] consisting of 1.5 bathroom(s) and 2 bedroom(s) hereinafter known as the "Premises". The Landlord may also use the address for notices sent to the Tenant(s).
PURPOSE: The Tenant(s) and any Occupant(s) may only use the Premises as a residential dwelling. It may not be used for storage, manufacturing of any type of food or product, professional service(s), or for any commercial use unless otherwise stated in this Agreement.
FURNISHINGS: The Premises is furnished with the following:
Kitchen Set (Including Pots, Pans, Glasses, Mugs, Dishes, etc.), Living Room Set(s) and all other furnishings to be provided by the Tenant(s). Any damage to the Landlord's furnishings shall be the liability of the Tenant(s), reasonable wear-and-tear excepted, to be billed directly or less the Security Deposit.
APPLIANCES: The Landlord shall provide the following appliances:
Dishwasher, Dryer (for Laundry), Fan(s), Hot Water Heater, Microwave, Outdoor Grill, Oven(s), Refrigerator, Stove(s), Television(s), Washer (for Laundry), and Baseboard heat and all other appliances to be provided by the Tenant(s). Any damage to the Landlord's appliances shall be the liability of the Tenant(s), reasonable wear-and-tear excepted, to be billed directly or less the Security Deposit.
LEASE TERM: This Agreement shall be a fixed-period arrangement beginning on July 31st 2020 and ending on July 31st 2021 with the Tenant(s) being required to move-out at the end of the Lease Term if a new Lease Agreement is not authorized. Hereinafter known as the "Lease Term".
RENT: Each Tenant shall pay the Landlord in equal monthly installments of $600.00 (US Dollars) hereinafter known as the "Rent". The Rent will be due on the Twentieth (20th) of every month and be paid via the following instructions:
Payment in Cash/Check/Zelle/Cozy.co. Rent will be due on the 20th of each month with a Grace period given until the First of the next month (eg. if rent is Due August 20th, it must be paid on or before the 1st of September of late fees will begin).
NON-SUFFICIENT FUNDS (NSF CHECKS): If the Tenant(s) attempts to pay the rent with a check that is not honored or an electronic transaction (ACH) due to insufficient funds (NSF) there shall be a fee of $35.00 (US Dollars).
LATE FEE: If rent is not paid on the due date, there shall be a late fee assessed by the Landlord in the amount of:
Calculated as 5% percent of the monthly rent for every day the rent is late after the 1st Day rent is due.
FIRST (1ST) MONTH'S RENT: First (1st) month's rent shall be due by the Tenant(s) upon the execution of this Agreement.
PRE-PAYMENT: The Landlord shall not require any pre-payment of rent by the Tenant(s).
PRORATION PERIOD: The Tenant(s) will move into the Premises before the start of the Lease Term under the following terms:
SECURITY DEPOSIT: A Security Deposit in the amount of $600.00 (US Dollars) shall be required by the Tenant(s) at the execution of this Agreement to the Landlord for the faithful performance of all the terms and conditions. The Security Deposit is to be returned to the Tenant(s) within 30 days after this Agreement has terminated, less any damage charges and without interest. This Security Deposit shall not be credited towards rent unless the Landlord gives their written consent. THIS IS NOT VALID FOR THE RENEWAL.
POSSESSION: Tenant(s) has examined the condition of the Premises and by taking possession acknowledges that they have accepted the Premises in good order and in its current condition except as herein otherwise stated. Failure of the Landlord to deliver possession of the Premises at the start of the Lease Term to the Tenant(s) shall terminate this Agreement at the option of the Tenant(s). Furthermore, under such failure to deliver possession by the Landlord, and if the Tenant(s) cancels this Agreement, the Security Deposit (if any) shall be returned to the Tenant(s) along with any other pre-paid rent, fees, including if the Tenant(s) paid a fee during the application process before the execution of this Agreement.
ACCESS: Upon the beginning of the Proration Period or the start of the Lease Term, whichever is earlier, the Landlord agrees to give access to the Tenant(s) in the form of keys, fobs, cards, or any type of keyless security entry as needed to enter the common areas and the Premises. Duplicate copies of the access provided may only be authorized under the consent of the Landlord and, if any replacements are needed, the Landlord may provide them for a fee. At the end of this Agreement all access provided to the Tenant(s) shall be returned to the Landlord or a fee will be charged to the Tenant(s) or the fee will be subtracted from the Security Deposit.
MOVE-IN INSPECTION: Before, at the time of the Tenant(s) accepting possession, or shortly thereafter, the Landlord and Tenant(s) shall perform an inspection documenting the present condition of all appliances, fixtures, furniture, and any existing damage within the Premises.
SUBLETTING: The Tenant(s) shall not have the right to sub-let the Premises or any part thereof without the prior written consent of the Landlord. If consent is granted by the Landlord, the Tenant(s) will be responsible for all actions and liabilities of the Sublessee including but not limited to: damage to the Premises, non-payment of rent, and any eviction process (In the event of an eviction the Tenant(s) shall be responsible for all court filing fee(s), representation, and any other fee(s) associated with removing the Sublessee). The consent by the Landlord to one sub-let shall not be deemed to be consent to any subsequent subletting.
ABANDONMENT: If the Tenant(s) vacates or abandons the property for a time-period that is the minimum set by State law or seven (7) days, whichever is less, the Landlord shall have the right to terminate this Agreement immediately and remove all belongings including any personal property off of the Premises. If the Tenant(s) vacates or abandons the property, the Landlord shall immediately have the right to terminate this Agreement.
ASSIGNMENT: Tenant(s) shall not assign this Lease without the prior written consent of the Landlord. The consent by the Landlord to one assignment shall not be deemed to be consent to any subsequent assignment.
PARKING: The Landlord shall provide the Tenant(s) Parking Spaces, first come first serve.
The Landlord shall not charge a fee for the 1 Parking Space. The Parking Space(s) can be described as: Space "6" located in front of the property under the car port.
RIGHT OF ENTRY: The Landlord shall have the right to enter the Premises during normal working hours by providing notice in accordance with the minimum State requirement in order for inspection, make necessary repairs, alterations or improvements, to supply services as agreed or for any reasonable purpose. The Landlord may exhibit the Premises to prospective purchasers, mortgagees, or lessees upon reasonable notice.
SALE OF PROPERTY: If the Premises is sold, the Tenant(s) is to be notified of the new Owner, and if there is a new Manager, their contact details for repairs and maintenance shall be forwarded. If the Premises is conveyed to another party, the new owner shall have the right to terminate this Agreement.
The new owner shall have the right to terminate ONLY after providing at least 30 days' notice to the Tenant(s).
UTILITIES: The Landlord agrees to pay for the following utilities and services:
HOA and associated costs with HOA. All other utilities will be the tenants responsibility.
MAINTENANCE, REPAIRS, OR ALTERATIONS: The Tenant(s) shall, at their own expense and at all times, maintain premises in a clean and sanitary manner, and shall surrender the same at termination hereof, in as good condition as received, normal wear and tear excepted. The Tenant(s) may not make any alterations to the leased premises without the consent in writing of the Landlord. The Landlord shall be responsible for repairs to the interior and exterior of the building. If the Premises includes a washer, dryer, freezer, dehumidifier unit and/or air conditioning unit, the Landlord makes no warranty as to the repair or replacement of units if one or all shall fail to operate. The Landlord will place fresh batteries in all battery-operated smoke detectors when the Tenant(s) moves into the premises. After the initial placement of the fresh batteries it is the responsibility of the Tenant(s) to replace batteries when needed. A monthly "cursory" inspection may be required for all fire extinguishers to make sure they are fully charged.
EARLY TERMINATION: The Tenant(s) may not be able to cancel this Agreement unless the Tenant is a victim of Domestic Violence, in such case, the Tenant may be able to cancel in accordance with any local, state, or federal laws.
PETS: The Tenant(s) shall not be allowed to have pets on the Premises or common areas except those that are necessary for individuals with disabilities.
NOISE/WASTE: The Tenant(s) agrees not to commit waste on the premises, maintain, or permit to be maintained, a nuisance thereon, or use, or permit the premises to be used, in an unlawful manner. The Tenant(s) further agrees to abide by any and all local, county, and State noise ordinances.
GUESTS: There shall be no other persons living on the Premises other than the Tenant(s) and any Occupant(s). Guests of the Tenant(s) are allowed for periods not lasting for more than forty-eight hours unless otherwise approved by the Landlord.
SMOKING POLICY: Smoking on the Premises is prohibited on the entire property, including individual units, common areas, every building and adjoining properties.
COMPLIANCE WITH LAW: The Tenant(s) agrees that during the term of the Agreement, to promptly comply with any present and future laws, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations, and requirements of the Federal, State, County, City, and Municipal government or any of their departments, bureaus, boards, commissions and officials thereof with respect to the premises, or the use or occupancy thereof, whether said compliance shall be ordered or directed to or against the Tenant(s), the Landlord, or both.
DEFAULT: If the Tenant(s) fails to comply with any of the financial or material provisions of this Agreement, or of any present rules and regulations or any that may be hereafter prescribed by the Landlord, or materially fails to comply with any duties imposed on the Tenant(s) by statute or State laws, within the time period after delivery of written notice by the Landlord specifying the non-compliance and indicating the intention of the Landlord to terminate the Agreement by reason thereof, the Landlord may terminate this Agreement. If the Tenant(s) fails to pay rent when due and the default continues for the time-period specified in the written notice thereafter, the Landlord may, at their option, declare the entire balance (compiling all months applicable to this Agreement) of rent payable hereunder to be immediately due and payable and may exercise any and all rights and remedies available to the Landlord at law or in equity and may immediately terminate this Agreement.
The Tenant(s) will be in default if: (a) Tenant(s) does not pay rent or other amounts that are owed in accordance with respective State laws; (b) Tenant(s), their guests, or the Occupant(s) violate this Agreement, rules, or fire, safety, health, or criminal laws, regardless of whether arrest or conviction occurs; (c) Tenant(s) abandons the Premises; (d) Tenant(s) gives incorrect or false information in the rental application; (e) Tenant(s), or any Occupant(s) is arrested, convicted, or given deferred adjudication for a criminal offense involving actual or potential physical harm to a person, or involving possession, manufacture, or delivery of a controlled substance, marijuana, or drug paraphernalia under state statute; (f) any illegal drugs or paraphernalia are found in the Premises or on the person of the Tenant(s), guests, or Occupant(s) while on the Premises and/or; (g) as otherwise allowed by law.
MULTIPLE TENANT(S) OR OCCUPANT(S): Each individual that is considered a Tenant(s) is jointly and individually liable for all of this Agreement's obligations, including but not limited to rent monies. If any Tenant(s), guest, or Occupant(s) violates this Agreement, the Tenant(s) is considered to have violated this Agreement. Landlord’s requests and notices to the Tenant(s) or any of the Occupant(s) of legal age constitutes notice to the Tenant(s). Notices and requests from the Tenant(s) or any one of the Occupant(s) (including repair requests and entry permissions) constitutes notice from the Tenant(s). In eviction suits, the Tenant(s) is considered the agent of the Premise for the service of process.
DISPUTES: If a dispute arises during or after the term of this Agreement between the Landlord and Tenant(s), they shall agree to hold negotiations amongst themselves, in "good faith", before any litigation.
SEVERABILITY: If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof shall, for any reason and to any extent, be invalid or unenforceable, neither the remainder of this Agreement nor the application of the provision to other persons, entities or circumstances shall be affected thereby, but instead shall be enforced to the maximum extent permitted by law.
SURRENDER OF PREMISES: The Tenant(s) has surrendered the Premises when (a) the move-out date has passed and no one is living in the Premise within the Landlord’s reasonable judgment; or (b) Access to the Premise have been turned in to Landlord – whichever comes first. Upon the expiration of the term hereof, the Tenant(s) shall surrender the Premise in better or equal condition as it were at the commencement of this Agreement, reasonable use, wear and tear thereof, and damages by the elements excepted.
RETALIATION: The Landlord is prohibited from making any type of retaliatory acts against the Tenant(s) including but not limited to restricting access to the Premises, decreasing or cancelling services or utilities, failure to repair appliances or fixtures, or any other type of act that could be considered unjustified.
WAIVER: A Waiver by the Landlord for a breach of any covenant or duty by the Tenant(s), under this Agreement is not a waiver for a breach of any other covenant or duty by the Tenant(s), or of any subsequent breach of the same covenant or duty. No provision of this Agreement shall be considered waived unless such a waiver shall be expressed in writing as a formal amendment to this Agreement and executed by the Tenant(s) and Landlord.
EQUAL HOUSING: If the Tenant(s) possess(es) any mental or physical impairment, the Landlord shall provide reasonable modifications to the Premises unless the modifications would be too difficult or expensive for the Landlord to provide. Any impairment of the Tenant(s) is/are encouraged to be provided and presented to the Landlord in writing in order to seek the most appropriate route for providing the modifications to the Premises.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS: The Tenant(s) agrees to not possess any type of personal property that could be considered a fire hazard such as a substance having flammable or explosive characteristics on the Premises. Items that are prohibited to be brought into the Premises, other than for everyday cooking or the need of an appliance, includes but is not limited to gas (compressed), gasoline, fuel, propane, kerosene, motor oil, fireworks, or any other related content in the form of a liquid, solid, or gas.
WATERBEDS: The Tenant(s) is not permitted to furnish the Premises with waterbeds.
INDEMNIFICATION: The Landlord shall not be liable for any damage or injury to the Tenant(s), or any other person, or to any property, occurring on the Premises, or any part thereof, or in common areas thereof, and the Tenant(s) agrees to hold the Landlord harmless from any claims or damages unless caused solely by the Landlord's negligence. It is recommended that renter's insurance be purchased at the Tenant(s)'s expense.
COVENANTS: The covenants and conditions herein contained shall apply to and bind the heirs, legal representatives, and assigns of the parties hereto, and all covenants are to be construed as conditions of this Agreement.
NOTICES: Any notice to be sent by the Landlord or the Tenant(s) to each other shall use the following mailing addresses:
[landord's mailing address]
[our mailing address]
AGENT/MANAGER: The Landlord does not have an Agent or Manager and all contact in regards to any repair, maintenance, or complaint must go through the Landlord through the following contact information:
[landlord's phone number and email]
PREMISES DEEMED UNINHABITABLE: If the Property is deemed uninhabitable due to damage beyond reasonable repair the Tenant(s) will be able to terminate this Agreement by written notice to the Landlord. If said damage was due to the negligence of the Tenant(s), the Tenant(s) shall be liable to the Landlord for all repairs and for the loss of income due to restoring the Premises back to a livable condition in addition to any other losses that can be proved by the Landlord.
SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT: In the event the Tenant(s) is or hereafter becomes, a member of the United States Armed Forces on extended active duty and hereafter the Tenant(s) receives permanent change of station (PCS) orders to depart from the area where the Premises are located, or is relieved from active duty, retires or separates from the military, is ordered into military housing, or receives deployment orders, then in any of these events, the Tenant may terminate this lease upon giving thirty (30) days written notice to the Landlord. The Tenant shall also provide to the Landlord a copy of the official orders or a letter signed by the Tenant’s commanding officer, reflecting the change which warrants termination under this clause. The Tenant will pay prorated rent for any days which he/she occupies the dwelling past the beginning of the rental period.
The damage/security deposit will be promptly returned to Tenant, provided there are no
damages to the Premises.
LEAD PAINT: The Premises was constructed before 1978 and therefore the Lead-Based Paint Disclosure that is attached to this Agreement must be authorized.
GOVERNING LAW: This Agreement is to be governed under the laws located in the State of Colorado.
ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS: In addition to the above stated terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Landlord and Tenant agree to the following: There are two cats on premise, the Landlord is not responsible for any damages caused to personal property by the cats. It is suggested to keep bedroom doors closed at all times. One of the car port spots is reserved for the Landlord, the other will be reserved for [name I don't recognize]. Smoking is not allowed inside of the property, tenants are welcome to smoke outside either in the front or back yards. Tenants MUST give the Landlord 24 hour notice for laundry as it is located in the basement. Laundry must be completed during hours that the Landlord is present (generally from 7am-2pm). Tenants will not have access to the basement with the only exception being laundry (with a 24 hour notice).
ENTIRE AGREEMENT: This Agreement contains all the terms agreed to by the parties relating to its subject matter including any attachments or addendums. This Agreement replaces all previous discussions, understandings, and oral agreements. The Landlord and Tenant(s) agree to the terms and conditions and shall be bound until the end of the Lease Term.
The parties have agreed and executed this agreement on July 31st 2020.
[Landlord's signature]
[my signature]
[roommate's signature]
submitted by Rent_Throwaway_600 to Landlord [link] [comments]


2020.09.02 17:22 refinedinsect The truth about Jaye’s fiancé, Drexel Quin/Elias Gaines

I’ve been debating whether or not to post this... After seeing Drexel/Elias abuse his rat in Jaye’s recent livestreams, and take over Jaye’s story posts when he decided to post as Alex, I think people should know the truth. I’m posting this from a throwaway account; Drexel/Elias will probably know who I am, but that doesn’t mean I want everybody else to know. Warning, it’s going to be bloggy, since a lot of this I know from my former friendship with him.
There are two noteworthy things (both of which I’ll explain in detail) that I think y’all should know: Drexel has also claimed to have DID, and has had a service dog who needed to retire due to aggression. A lot of this has already been posted to KiwiFarms by my friend, but for those of you who haven’t seen it: here is a (mostly) complete timeline, compiled based on Drexel’s instagram (1, 2, 3, 4 ), tumblr, twitter, and vent (1, 2). Here is proof that Drexel Quin and Elias Gaines are the same person.
1) Drexel/Elias’s DID
Drexel/Elias and I were close online friends for a couple years. During most of our friendship, he never mentioned having DID. In a kind of Jaquie/Janiece way (oh yeah, he was also a huge fan of Jaquie), he didn’t have symptoms of DID at all until a few months after his friend did. He claimed to have been told to have “dissociative states with skewed personality” from a psychiatric evaluation.
He claimed to have been a system that was forced to integrate by his therapist, but due to circumstances beyond his control, he re-split all of his alters exactly the way they were before integration. This is not at all how DID works. He had the stereotypical “angry alter” who would misgender Drexel and physically harm the body. Drexel has/had many alters documented on social media. Drexel said he enjoyed being able to “see himself inside” and felt good about not being integrated. However, some time recently, an alter named Ivan claimed Elias is the result of Drexel integrating with an alter named Elistair.
2) Benjamin, the aggressive former service dog
I don’t have anything saved from this timeframe, so I’m going off of just my memory - some things might be off, but this is the gist of it. Drexel adopted Benjamin from a shelter when he was about a year old. He didn’t know the dog’s history. Benjamin was okay as a service dog at first, but had some problems with aggression. Drexel claimed this was from anxiety.
At a meetup (which Jaye was at), Benjamin tried to bite another dog (but only bit its harness) and did (“accidentally”) bite a human. He had been aggressive before this, but attacking another dog is what made Drexel finally remove Ben from service dog work. He tried to have Ben adopted. The first adoption didn’t work out because the person got injured. The second one didn’t work out because Benjamin attacked the adopter’s child. Drexel decided to bring Ben back into his home, even though Ben tried almost constantly to attack Prince (his new service dog) to the extent where he had to be muzzled and on leash while inside a crate, and Drexel’s dad would hit and kick Ben.
Thankfully, Benjamin overcame his “anxiety.” Neither Ben, nor Drexel/Elias’s “life saving” service dog Prince, have appeared at all in any of Jaye’s photos or livestreams despite the fact that the two of them are currently engaged and living together. ETA: Benjamin was left behind with Drexel/Elias’s parents, and Prince was rehomed.
2.5) Drexel/Elias‘s animal abuse history
I decided to update the post and include this. It felt kind of bad to speculate about what happened, but knowing for sure, I do not feel guilty about saying that Drexel/Elias abuses animals.
This video was posted recently of Drexel/Elias abusing his rat by “stimming with it” on a livestream. He has kept rats for many years. He used to have a lot of rats, which he rehomed before moving out, and in May got two fosters named Hera and Zeus (the one in the livestream).
One on occasion, he didn’t realize a rat had died until the others had “shredded her up.” And he had a baby iguana who kept escaping and eventually died of cold, but not before breaking a foot badly and Drexel/Elias having to amputate it himself. He claimed the leg would’ve rotted and the iguana would’ve died unless he did something. This was (obviously!) not the advice of a vet - he got all of this information from the internet.
Drexel/Elias pulled a Jaye and abandoned his dogs when he was done with them. This was shared with me by a former partner of his:
“Eli got Prince as a puppy and raised and trained that dog for his entire life. Then when Eli was tired of him he rehomed him to another family, most likely as a service dog, so Eli could get a "bigger" dog even though they were nowhere in a position to get another dog anytime soon. He did mention the desire for a bigger dog specifically for "mobility" and some other reasons, but he hasn't gotten that figured out yet.
Prince performed okay as a service dog, but it was very obvious that he was SO stressed out and uncomfortable. And Eli would get frustrated with him because Prince wouldn't do exactly what he wanted Prince to do and grab his face and get kinda turse.
Eli has admitted to hitting his dogs, shoving them in crates, purposefully leaving them outside in the rain, and yelling at them.” Photo proof here.
3) ETA: More from a friend of Drexel/Elias
This was all sent over DM by an ex of his, who wanted to remain anonymous. They definitely know/knew Elias. I edited this a little bit for the sake of clarity.
“Eli dated both of my partners and myself. He lived with his parents up until recently. There he had both Ben and Prince but when he bailed out he left Ben to his "abusive" parents. He claimed his dad would kick Benjamin but I wouldn't be surprised if Eli participated as well. Jaye and Eli have known each other since 2014, they "planned to get engaged after the virus cleared up" March 14th like that makes any sense. He bought a custom engraved ring box to show he was serious. They got engaged June 15th.
Jaye live(d) with his parents. Eli secretly moved out of his parents June 1st. Took Prince and the male rat with him. Left Ben to his parents. Abandoned his dad's car (that he was driving) in a Walmart parking lot and didn't tell them. Apparently Jayes dad is a drunk and would make it "unsafe" for the two of them to be there so they would get hotels for the night, with the dogs.
Then the 27th Jaye got a NEW PUPPY and they drove all the way to Montana even though they were both employed. Then they got kicked out July 3rd, so they drove all the way to Colorado with their dogs and the rat. Then they got scammed out of $800 trying to get a house. They got jobs, but then Eli was apparently in the ER because he stopped breathing and was passing out. (Here)
As of August 13th, Eli "managed to find a job" (note: most likely is dog-related, since he has a history of almost exclusively dog-related work) and was planning on doing summer courses at UCSD.
I'm 100% sure he doesn't have DID. My partner has worked in psychology for 14 years. Anytime there was talk about anything mentally wrong with him, Elias would immediately deflect to start talking about his parents. Sometimes, Eli would pretend to switch right in front of us and have these grandiose personalities and foreign accents. That's not how DID works. His list of his system was inconsistent and there's so many alters. A lot were littles, he had physical descriptions of some, one of his alters had a child (note: this is also not how DID works!) so Eli compulsively spent $300 on this literal doll to represent that.
My other partner, K, was in a relationship with both him and Jaye at the same time. They both filled K’s head with promises of family and whatnot, then they both just abandoned him over text. Our relationship felt very one-sided. It honestly felt like he was only trying to buy our affection so we wouldn't abandon him. Hanging out with him usually ended in him creating his own catastrophe for sympathy, or subjecting you to things that only he liked. As someone who actually has autism, being in the car with somebody who is constantly yelling, blasting his musicals, and being generally overbearing, interacting with him was exhausting. And he only seemed to want to hang out or talk when it benefited him. He never took the time to get to know my needs, and I only seemed to exist in this little box in his head. He'd take us out of the box when he wanted to play, but drop us as soon as he lost interest or we didn't serve his needs any longer. Once he saw that he wasn't going to get the sympathy from my partner he wanted, just stopped talking to him, and then Eli claimed he lost him. My partner is also 100% positive that Eli is a sociopath, and that him and Jaye are feeding off each other and forming some codependency.
One thing that really bugs me too is how he has treated his whole "trans" identity. My partner and I both don't think he is trans and that he's just grasping for straws on his identity or just buying for sympathy. We think that the only reason he pursued trans men, such as Jaye, myself, K, (authors edit: plus another trans man in February-June 2019)... was to fulfill some sort of instant gratification that he wanted but ultimately had no interest in pursuing. He got on testosterone gel at one point, but then straight up admitted he was refusing to get his hormone levels checked because he was “worried about what else he would find.”
My overall conclusion:
I don’t hate Drexel/Elias, and I don’t think he’s a complete liar. I think Drexel/Elias deals with fibromyalgia (and maybe GERD), severe mental health issues, and a lot of health anxiety.
(ETA: I believe he malingers, invents disorders and symptoms whenever he sees fit, blatantly mimics others’ illnesses, and has a seriously codependent relationship with Jaye. Oh, and he’s a fucking sociopath.)
I think he had no business trying to owner-train a service dog with literally no previous experience or trainer help, and it was unfair and uncalled for to dump that dog on another family when Drexel/Elias got bored of him. I’m surprised not at all surprised he and Jaye are together (fun fact: according to his own timeline, he and Jaye have been together “a little over a year,” which would either overlap or come very close to the point where he was in a relationship with someone else). I don’t think it’ll end well, but to be fair I don’t know what their life together is like. I’m concerned about his dogs and his rat (by the way, Drexel/Elias is not autistic, and you don’t use animals to stim!). Hopefully they both are in therapy and will learn how to treat animals better. ETA: I think neither of them should be allowed to own animals until they have had some sort of therapy to teach them how to, yknow, not abuse animals.
submitted by refinedinsect to IFGWtears [link] [comments]


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